International Development Planning Review

Understanding the causes of urban fragmentation in Hanoi: the case of new urban areas

International Development Planning Review (2011), 33, (3), 273–291.

Abstract

Since the late 1990s, a new model of urban development has been promoted in Vietnam. So-called 'new urban areas' are being built on the agricultural lands at the periurban interface of cities across the country. These large-scale redevelopments feature commodity housing and public services, along with commercial and office space. Foreign scholars have criticised the lack of integration between these built environments and existing urban agglomerations. The resulting urban fragmentation is commonly blamed on the imposition of a foreign model of urban development that promotes a break with previous urban space production mechanisms. This paper provides a nuanced view on these ideas by exploring the history of housing policy in Vietnam and in the region of Hanoi in particular. This approach underscores the locally situated nature of the new urban area experiments. At the same time, it reveals the need to explore ongoing shifts in the way various groups straddling the state, markets and society interact in contemporary urban space production processes.

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CHANG, T. C. and HUANG, S. (2008), 'Geographies of everywhere and nowhere: place-(un)making in a world city', International Development Planning Review, 30, 227–47. 'Geographies of everywhere and nowhere: place-(un)making in a world city' International Development Planning Review 30 227 47 Google Scholar

DELEUZE, G. and GUATTARI, F. (2004). A Thousand Plateaus, trans. Brian Massumi, London, Continuum (original version published in 1980). Google Scholar

DICK, H. W. and RIMMER, P. J. (1998), 'Beyond the third world city: the new urban geography of South-east Asia', Urban Studies, 35, 2302–21. Beyond the third world city: the new urban geography of South-east Asia Urban Studies 35 2302 21 Google Scholar

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HAI BANG (2009), 'Grounds for retrieval', Vietnam Economic Times, 20–21 August. Google Scholar

HOANG THI LICH (1999), 'Housing in Hanoi', in I. Tinker and G. Summerfield (eds), Women's Rights to House and Land: China, Laos, Vietnam, London, Lynne Rienner, 77–94. 'Housing in Hanoi' Women's Rights to House and Land: China, Laos, Vietnam 77 94 Google Scholar

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KIM, A. M. (2008), Learning to Be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Learning to Be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy Google Scholar

KOH, D. (2004), 'Illegal construction in Hanoi and Hanoi's Ward', European Journal of East Asian Studies, 3, 337–69. Illegal construction in Hanoi and Hanoi's Ward European Journal of East Asian Studies 3 337 69 Google Scholar

LABBÉ, D. and C. MUSIL (FORTHCOMING), 'L'Extension des limites administratives de Hanoi: un exercice de recomposition territoriale sous pression', Géoforum. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

LOGAN, W. S. (1995), 'Russians on the Red River', Europe-Asia Studies, 47, 443–68. 'Russians on the Red River' Europe-Asia Studies 47 443 68 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

PHAM VAN TRINH and PARENTEAU, R. (1991), 'Housing and urban development policies in Vietnam', Habitat International, 15, 153–69. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ROBINSON, J. (2004), Ordinary Cities: Between Modernity and Development, London, Routledge. Ordinary Cities: Between Modernity and Development Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

TRINH DUY LUAN (1995), Impact of Economic Reforms on Urban Society, Economic Reforms and Development in Vietnam, Vu Tuan Anh (ed.), Hanoi, Social Sciences Publishing House. Google Scholar

TRINH DUY LUAN (2001), 'Socio-economic aspects of the booming of private housing construction in Hanoi in the 1990s', in H. SHENK and T. D. LUAN (eds), Housing and Land in Hanoi, Hanoi, Cultural Publishing House, 13–30. Google Scholar

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 Google Scholar

WAIBEL, M. (2006), 'The production of urban space in Vietnam's metropolis in the course of transition: internationalization, polarization and newly emerging lifestyles in Vietnamese society', Trialog, 89, 43–8. The production of urban space in Vietnam's metropolis in the course of transition: internationalization, polarization and newly emerging lifestyles in Vietnamese society Trialog 89 43 8 Google Scholar

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Author details

Labbé, Danielle

Boudreau, Julie-Anne