Town Planning Review

'Saint Patrick': Sir Patrick Abercrombie's Australian tour 1948

Town Planning Review (2009), 80, (6), 597–626.

Abstract

Patrick Abercrombie was one of the most celebrated planners of the twentieth century both in the UK and internationally. The impact of his international activities provide insights into the core values of British planning of the early post-war period and their transferability to other countries. This paper examines a little-documented tour by Abercrombie around Australia in 1948. It seeks to understand, in the context of the times, the ideas which Abercrombie promoted, his views on Australian cities, contemporary reactions to his presentations and the wider impact of his tour on the development of Australian planning.

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ABERCROMBIE, P. (1933), Town and Country Planning, London, Oxford University Press. Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ABERCROMBIE, P. (1949), 'Planning in Britain', Architecture, 37, 10–13. Planning in Britain Architecture 37 10 13 Google Scholar

ABERCROMBIE, P. (1951), 'Foreword' in Brown and Sherrard, vii–viii. 'Foreword' in Brown and Sherrard vii viii Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948a), 'Visit of noted town planner', 5 November 1948. Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948b), 'World Expert Views Light's City', 6 November 1948. Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948c), 'Need to "Recreate" Adelaide', 9 November 1948. Google Scholar

ANONYMOUS (1947), 'Interstate planning conference decisions', Australian Municipal Journal, 26, 479. Google Scholar

ANONYMOUS (1948), 'Town planning exhibition for Australia', Town and Country Planning, 16, 116. Google Scholar

ASHTON, N. W. (1982), New South Wales: Notes on the Evolution of Planning from 1945 to 1974 with particular reference to governmental involvement, Sydney, NSW Dept of Environment and Planning. New South Wales: Notes on the Evolution of Planning from 1945 to 1974 with particular reference to governmental involvement Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BROWN, A. J. and SHERRARD, H. M. (1951), Town and Country Planning, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press. Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

BULLOCK, N. (2002), Building the Post-war World, London, Routledge. Building the Post-war World Google Scholar

CANBERRA TIMES (1948), 'Canberra needs bringing up-to-date', 21 October 1948. Google Scholar

CANBERRA TIMES (1949), 'Town planner impressed with designing at Canberra', 18 February 1948. Google Scholar

COLMAN, J. (1993), 'The Liverpool connection and Australian planning and design practice 1945–1985', in R. Freestone (ed.), The Australian Planner, School of Town Planning, University of NSW, 59–69. 'The Liverpool connection and Australian planning and design practice 1945–1985' The Australian Planner 59 69 Google Scholar

DAVIE, R. (1946), 'Tips of a modern Christopher Wren', Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 25 November. Google Scholar

DEHAENE, M. (2004), 'Urban lessons for the modern planner: Patrick Abercrombie and the study of urban development', Town Planning Review, 75, 1–30. Urban lessons for the modern planner: Patrick Abercrombie and the study of urban development Town Planning Review 75 1 30 Google Scholar

DEHAENE, M. (2005), 'A conservative framework for regional development: Patrick Abercrombie's interwar experiments in regional planning', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25, 141–48. A conservative framework for regional development: Patrick Abercrombie's interwar experiments in regional planning Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 141 48 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1978), 'Little plans and noble diagrams', Town Planning Review, 49, 329–52. Little plans and noble diagrams Town Planning Review 49 329 52 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1979a), 'Patrick Abercrombie: pioneer of planning', Architectural Review, 166, 130–32. Patrick Abercrombie: pioneer of planning Architectural Review 166 130 32 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1979b), 'Leslie Patrick Abercrombie: a centenary note', Town Planning Review, 50, 257–64. Leslie Patrick Abercrombie: a centenary note Town Planning Review 50 257 64 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (2002), 'The unveiling of the Abercrombie blue plaque', Town Planning Review, 73, 248–52. The unveiling of the Abercrombie blue plaque Town Planning Review 73 248 52 Google Scholar

DUNNE, J. and RICHMOND, P. (2008) The World in One School: The History and Influence of the Liverpool School of Architecture 1894–2008, Liverpool, Liverpool University Press. The World in One School: The History and Influence of the Liverpool School of Architecture 1894–2008 Google Scholar

ESSEX, S. and BRAYSHAY, M. (2007), 'Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain's blitzed cities?' Planning Perspectives, 22, 417–41. Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain's blitzed cities? Planning Perspectives 22 417 41 Google Scholar

FISHER, A. (2009) A story of engagement: The British Council 1934–200, available at: www.britishcouncil.org/new/about-us/75th-anniversary/A-story-of-engagement/ Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1989), Model Communities: The Garden City Movement in Australia, Melbourne, Thomas Nelson. Model Communities: The Garden City Movement in Australia Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1992), 'Sydney's green belt 1945–1960', Australian Planner, 30, 70–77. Sydney's green belt 1945–1960 Australian Planner 30 70 77 Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1998), 'An Imperial aspect: the Australasian town planning tour of 1914–15', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 44, 159–76. An Imperial aspect: the Australasian town planning tour of 1914–15 Australian Journal of Politics and History 44 159 76 Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (2007), Designing Australia's Cities, Sydney, UNSW Press. Designing Australia's Cities Google Scholar

GAWLER, J. (1963), A Roof Over my Head, Melbourne, Lothian. A Roof Over my Head Google Scholar

GORDON, D. and SCOTT, R. (2008) 'Ottawa's greenbelt evolves from urban separator to key ecological planning component', in M. Amati (ed.), Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century, Aldershot, Ashgate, 129–49. 'Ottawa's greenbelt evolves from urban separator to key ecological planning component' Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century 129 49 Google Scholar

HALL, P. (1995), 'Bringing Abercrombie back from the shades: a look forward and back', Town Planning Review, 66, 227–41. Bringing Abercrombie back from the shades: a look forward and back Town Planning Review 66 227 41 Google Scholar

HALL, P. (2002), Cities of Tomorrow (3rd ed.), Oxford, Blackwell. Cities of Tomorrow Google Scholar

HAMNETT, S. and FREESTONE, R. (2000), The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History, Sydney, Allen & Unwin. The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History Google Scholar

HERBERT, G. and SOSNOVSKY, S. (1993), Bauhaus on the Carmel and the Crossroads of Empire: Architecture and Planning in Haifa during the British Mandate, Jerusalem, Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi. Bauhaus on the Carmel and the Crossroads of Empire: Architecture and Planning in Haifa during the British Mandate Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

JONES, P. (2004), 'Historical continuity and post-1945 urban redevelopment: the example of Lee Bank, Birmingham, UK', Planning Perspectives, 19, 365–89. Historical continuity and post-1945 urban redevelopment: the example of Lee Bank, Birmingham, UK Planning Perspectives 19 365 89 Google Scholar

LAI, L. W.-C. (1999), 'Reflections on the Abercrombie Report 1948: a strategic plan for colonial Hong Kong', Town Planning Review, 70, 61–87. 'Reflections on the Abercrombie Report 1948: a strategic plan for colonial Hong Kong' Town Planning Review 70 61 87 Google Scholar

LARKHAM, P. J. (2004), 'Professor Sir Patrick Abercrombie and the replanning of Warwick, 1945–1949', Midland History, 29, 124–38. Professor Sir Patrick Abercrombie and the replanning of Warwick, 1945–1949 Midland History 29 124 38 Google Scholar

MANNO, A. (1980), Patrick Abercrombie: A Chronological Bibliography, with annotations and biographical details, School of Town Planning, Leeds Polytechnic, Planning Research Paper No. 19. Google Scholar

MATLESS, D. (1993), 'Appropriate geography: Patrick Abercrombie and the energy of the world', Journal of Design History, 6, 167–78. Appropriate geography: Patrick Abercrombie and the energy of the world Journal of Design History 6 167 78 Google Scholar

MCLACHLAN, D. MCK. (1968), Problems of metropolitan Sydney, The Valuer, 20, 206–10. Problems of metropolitan Sydney The Valuer 20 206 10 Google Scholar

MELBOURNE HERALD (1949), 'Town planning lags in Australia', 17 February. Google Scholar

MILLER, M. (2008), 'Patrick Abercrombie', in L. Goldman (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography http://www.oxforddnb.com Google Scholar

RCDIP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE INDUSTRIAL POPULATION) (1940), Report (The BarlowReport) (Cmd 6153), London. Google Scholar

REID, P. (2002), Canberra following Griffin: A Design History of Australia's National Capital, Canberra, National Archives. Canberra following Griffin: A Design History of Australia's National Capital Google Scholar

REPS, J. W. (1997), Canberra 1912, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press. Canberra 1912 Google Scholar

RIBA (ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS) (1946), 'Re-Planning of Britain', RIBA Journal, 53, 352. Google Scholar

RIBA (ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS) (1948), 'Town Planning Exhibition', RIBA Journal, 55, 380. Google Scholar

STEPHENSON, G. (1992), On a Human Scale: A Life in City Design, Fremantle, Fremantle Arts Centre Press. On a Human Scale: A Life in City Design Google Scholar

SULMAN, J. (2007), An Introduction to the Study of Town Planning in Australia (Originally published in 1921, facsimile version), Sydney, National Trust of Australia (NSW). Google Scholar

SMH(SYDNEY MORNING HERALD) (1946), 'British architect to settle here', 15 October 1946. Google Scholar

SMH(SYDNEY MORNING HERALD) (1948), 'City plans praised', 15 October 1948. Google Scholar

TANG, B.-S., WONG, S.-W. and LEE, A. K.-W. (2007), 'Green belt in a compact city: a zone for conservation or transition?', Landscape and Urban Planning, 79, 358–73. Green belt in a compact city: a zone for conservation or transition? Landscape and Urban Planning 79 358 73 Google Scholar

TCPIA (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIA) (1949), Bulletin, 1, January. Google Scholar

TSUBAKI, T. (2003), 'Anglo-Japanese exchanges in town planning: the case of Tama new town in the 1960s, and William A. Robson', Planning History, 25, 4–15. Anglo-Japanese exchanges in town planning: the case of Tama new town in the 1960s, and William A. Robson Planning History 25 4 15 Google Scholar

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WALKLEY, G. (1976), The Louis Laybourne Smith School of Architecture and Building, SA Institute of Technology, A History 1906–1976. Adelaide, SA Institute of Technology. The Louis Laybourne Smith School of Architecture and Building, SA Institute of Technology, A History 1906–1976. Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2000), 'Re-examining in the international diffusion of planning', in R. Freestone (ed.), Urban Planning in a Changing World, London, Spon, 40–60. 'Re-examining in the international diffusion of planning' Urban Planning in a Changing World 40 60 Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2002), Planning the Twentieth-Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World, London, John Wiley. Planning the Twentieth-Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2007), 'Cross-national learning in the formation of British planning policies 1940–99', Town Planning Review, 78, 369–400. Cross-national learning in the formation of British planning policies 1940–99 Town Planning Review 78 369 400 Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948a), 'Planner of cities, Sir Patrick Abercrombie welcomed', 11 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948b), 'Survey of Perth, town planner's busy day', 12 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948c), 'Town-planner's Perth impressions', 15 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1949), 'Planning expert praises our hospitals', 18 December. Google Scholar

WINSTON, D. (1957), Sydney's Great Experiment, Sydney, Angus and Robertson. Sydney's Great Experiment Google Scholar

WRIGHT, B. (2001), Expectations of a Better World, Canberra, Royal Australian Planning Institute. Expectations of a Better World Google Scholar

WRIGHT, M. (1982), Lord Leverhulme's Unknown Venture: The Lever Chair and the Beginnings of Town and Regional Planning 1908–48, London, Hutchinson Benham. Lord Leverhulme's Unknown Venture: The Lever Chair and the Beginnings of Town and Regional Planning 1908–48 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ABERCROMBIE, P. (1933), Town and Country Planning, London, Oxford University Press. Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ABERCROMBIE, P. (1949), 'Planning in Britain', Architecture, 37, 10–13. Planning in Britain Architecture 37 10 13 Google Scholar

ABERCROMBIE, P. (1951), 'Foreword' in Brown and Sherrard, vii–viii. 'Foreword' in Brown and Sherrard vii viii Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948a), 'Visit of noted town planner', 5 November 1948. Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948b), 'World Expert Views Light's City', 6 November 1948. Google Scholar

ADVERTISER (1948c), 'Need to "Recreate" Adelaide', 9 November 1948. Google Scholar

ANONYMOUS (1947), 'Interstate planning conference decisions', Australian Municipal Journal, 26, 479. Google Scholar

ANONYMOUS (1948), 'Town planning exhibition for Australia', Town and Country Planning, 16, 116. Google Scholar

ASHTON, N. W. (1982), New South Wales: Notes on the Evolution of Planning from 1945 to 1974 with particular reference to governmental involvement, Sydney, NSW Dept of Environment and Planning. New South Wales: Notes on the Evolution of Planning from 1945 to 1974 with particular reference to governmental involvement Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BROWN, A. J. and SHERRARD, H. M. (1951), Town and Country Planning, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press. Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

BULLOCK, N. (2002), Building the Post-war World, London, Routledge. Building the Post-war World Google Scholar

CANBERRA TIMES (1948), 'Canberra needs bringing up-to-date', 21 October 1948. Google Scholar

CANBERRA TIMES (1949), 'Town planner impressed with designing at Canberra', 18 February 1948. Google Scholar

COLMAN, J. (1993), 'The Liverpool connection and Australian planning and design practice 1945–1985', in R. Freestone (ed.), The Australian Planner, School of Town Planning, University of NSW, 59–69. 'The Liverpool connection and Australian planning and design practice 1945–1985' The Australian Planner 59 69 Google Scholar

DAVIE, R. (1946), 'Tips of a modern Christopher Wren', Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 25 November. Google Scholar

DEHAENE, M. (2004), 'Urban lessons for the modern planner: Patrick Abercrombie and the study of urban development', Town Planning Review, 75, 1–30. Urban lessons for the modern planner: Patrick Abercrombie and the study of urban development Town Planning Review 75 1 30 Google Scholar

DEHAENE, M. (2005), 'A conservative framework for regional development: Patrick Abercrombie's interwar experiments in regional planning', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25, 141–48. A conservative framework for regional development: Patrick Abercrombie's interwar experiments in regional planning Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 141 48 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1978), 'Little plans and noble diagrams', Town Planning Review, 49, 329–52. Little plans and noble diagrams Town Planning Review 49 329 52 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1979a), 'Patrick Abercrombie: pioneer of planning', Architectural Review, 166, 130–32. Patrick Abercrombie: pioneer of planning Architectural Review 166 130 32 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (1979b), 'Leslie Patrick Abercrombie: a centenary note', Town Planning Review, 50, 257–64. Leslie Patrick Abercrombie: a centenary note Town Planning Review 50 257 64 Google Scholar

DIX, G. (2002), 'The unveiling of the Abercrombie blue plaque', Town Planning Review, 73, 248–52. The unveiling of the Abercrombie blue plaque Town Planning Review 73 248 52 Google Scholar

DUNNE, J. and RICHMOND, P. (2008) The World in One School: The History and Influence of the Liverpool School of Architecture 1894–2008, Liverpool, Liverpool University Press. The World in One School: The History and Influence of the Liverpool School of Architecture 1894–2008 Google Scholar

ESSEX, S. and BRAYSHAY, M. (2007), 'Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain's blitzed cities?' Planning Perspectives, 22, 417–41. Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain's blitzed cities? Planning Perspectives 22 417 41 Google Scholar

FISHER, A. (2009) A story of engagement: The British Council 1934–200, available at: www.britishcouncil.org/new/about-us/75th-anniversary/A-story-of-engagement/ Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1989), Model Communities: The Garden City Movement in Australia, Melbourne, Thomas Nelson. Model Communities: The Garden City Movement in Australia Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1992), 'Sydney's green belt 1945–1960', Australian Planner, 30, 70–77. Sydney's green belt 1945–1960 Australian Planner 30 70 77 Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (1998), 'An Imperial aspect: the Australasian town planning tour of 1914–15', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 44, 159–76. An Imperial aspect: the Australasian town planning tour of 1914–15 Australian Journal of Politics and History 44 159 76 Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (2007), Designing Australia's Cities, Sydney, UNSW Press. Designing Australia's Cities Google Scholar

GAWLER, J. (1963), A Roof Over my Head, Melbourne, Lothian. A Roof Over my Head Google Scholar

GORDON, D. and SCOTT, R. (2008) 'Ottawa's greenbelt evolves from urban separator to key ecological planning component', in M. Amati (ed.), Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century, Aldershot, Ashgate, 129–49. 'Ottawa's greenbelt evolves from urban separator to key ecological planning component' Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century 129 49 Google Scholar

HALL, P. (1995), 'Bringing Abercrombie back from the shades: a look forward and back', Town Planning Review, 66, 227–41. Bringing Abercrombie back from the shades: a look forward and back Town Planning Review 66 227 41 Google Scholar

HALL, P. (2002), Cities of Tomorrow (3rd ed.), Oxford, Blackwell. Cities of Tomorrow Google Scholar

HAMNETT, S. and FREESTONE, R. (2000), The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History, Sydney, Allen & Unwin. The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History Google Scholar

HERBERT, G. and SOSNOVSKY, S. (1993), Bauhaus on the Carmel and the Crossroads of Empire: Architecture and Planning in Haifa during the British Mandate, Jerusalem, Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi. Bauhaus on the Carmel and the Crossroads of Empire: Architecture and Planning in Haifa during the British Mandate Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

JONES, P. (2004), 'Historical continuity and post-1945 urban redevelopment: the example of Lee Bank, Birmingham, UK', Planning Perspectives, 19, 365–89. Historical continuity and post-1945 urban redevelopment: the example of Lee Bank, Birmingham, UK Planning Perspectives 19 365 89 Google Scholar

LAI, L. W.-C. (1999), 'Reflections on the Abercrombie Report 1948: a strategic plan for colonial Hong Kong', Town Planning Review, 70, 61–87. 'Reflections on the Abercrombie Report 1948: a strategic plan for colonial Hong Kong' Town Planning Review 70 61 87 Google Scholar

LARKHAM, P. J. (2004), 'Professor Sir Patrick Abercrombie and the replanning of Warwick, 1945–1949', Midland History, 29, 124–38. Professor Sir Patrick Abercrombie and the replanning of Warwick, 1945–1949 Midland History 29 124 38 Google Scholar

MANNO, A. (1980), Patrick Abercrombie: A Chronological Bibliography, with annotations and biographical details, School of Town Planning, Leeds Polytechnic, Planning Research Paper No. 19. Google Scholar

MATLESS, D. (1993), 'Appropriate geography: Patrick Abercrombie and the energy of the world', Journal of Design History, 6, 167–78. Appropriate geography: Patrick Abercrombie and the energy of the world Journal of Design History 6 167 78 Google Scholar

MCLACHLAN, D. MCK. (1968), Problems of metropolitan Sydney, The Valuer, 20, 206–10. Problems of metropolitan Sydney The Valuer 20 206 10 Google Scholar

MELBOURNE HERALD (1949), 'Town planning lags in Australia', 17 February. Google Scholar

MILLER, M. (2008), 'Patrick Abercrombie', in L. Goldman (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography http://www.oxforddnb.com Google Scholar

RCDIP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE INDUSTRIAL POPULATION) (1940), Report (The BarlowReport) (Cmd 6153), London. Google Scholar

REID, P. (2002), Canberra following Griffin: A Design History of Australia's National Capital, Canberra, National Archives. Canberra following Griffin: A Design History of Australia's National Capital Google Scholar

REPS, J. W. (1997), Canberra 1912, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press. Canberra 1912 Google Scholar

RIBA (ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS) (1946), 'Re-Planning of Britain', RIBA Journal, 53, 352. Google Scholar

RIBA (ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS) (1948), 'Town Planning Exhibition', RIBA Journal, 55, 380. Google Scholar

STEPHENSON, G. (1992), On a Human Scale: A Life in City Design, Fremantle, Fremantle Arts Centre Press. On a Human Scale: A Life in City Design Google Scholar

SULMAN, J. (2007), An Introduction to the Study of Town Planning in Australia (Originally published in 1921, facsimile version), Sydney, National Trust of Australia (NSW). Google Scholar

SMH(SYDNEY MORNING HERALD) (1946), 'British architect to settle here', 15 October 1946. Google Scholar

SMH(SYDNEY MORNING HERALD) (1948), 'City plans praised', 15 October 1948. Google Scholar

TANG, B.-S., WONG, S.-W. and LEE, A. K.-W. (2007), 'Green belt in a compact city: a zone for conservation or transition?', Landscape and Urban Planning, 79, 358–73. Green belt in a compact city: a zone for conservation or transition? Landscape and Urban Planning 79 358 73 Google Scholar

TCPIA (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIA) (1949), Bulletin, 1, January. Google Scholar

TSUBAKI, T. (2003), 'Anglo-Japanese exchanges in town planning: the case of Tama new town in the 1960s, and William A. Robson', Planning History, 25, 4–15. Anglo-Japanese exchanges in town planning: the case of Tama new town in the 1960s, and William A. Robson Planning History 25 4 15 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WALKLEY, G. (1976), The Louis Laybourne Smith School of Architecture and Building, SA Institute of Technology, A History 1906–1976. Adelaide, SA Institute of Technology. The Louis Laybourne Smith School of Architecture and Building, SA Institute of Technology, A History 1906–1976. Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2000), 'Re-examining in the international diffusion of planning', in R. Freestone (ed.), Urban Planning in a Changing World, London, Spon, 40–60. 'Re-examining in the international diffusion of planning' Urban Planning in a Changing World 40 60 Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2002), Planning the Twentieth-Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World, London, John Wiley. Planning the Twentieth-Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World Google Scholar

WARD, S. V. (2007), 'Cross-national learning in the formation of British planning policies 1940–99', Town Planning Review, 78, 369–400. Cross-national learning in the formation of British planning policies 1940–99 Town Planning Review 78 369 400 Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948a), 'Planner of cities, Sir Patrick Abercrombie welcomed', 11 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948b), 'Survey of Perth, town planner's busy day', 12 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1948c), 'Town-planner's Perth impressions', 15 November. Google Scholar

WEST AUSTRALIAN (1949), 'Planning expert praises our hospitals', 18 December. Google Scholar

WINSTON, D. (1957), Sydney's Great Experiment, Sydney, Angus and Robertson. Sydney's Great Experiment Google Scholar

WRIGHT, B. (2001), Expectations of a Better World, Canberra, Royal Australian Planning Institute. Expectations of a Better World Google Scholar

WRIGHT, M. (1982), Lord Leverhulme's Unknown Venture: The Lever Chair and the Beginnings of Town and Regional Planning 1908–48, London, Hutchinson Benham. Lord Leverhulme's Unknown Venture: The Lever Chair and the Beginnings of Town and Regional Planning 1908–48 Google Scholar

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Author details

Amati, Marco

Freestone, Robert