Town Planning Review

Rural planning in England: A critique of current policy

Town Planning Review (2009), 80, (6), 575–596.

Abstract

The article briefly explores the enduring primacy of agricultural planning over land use planning in rural areas in England since the Second World War. From this contextual overview, the paper critically evaluates in some detail a number of embedded land use planning principles that continue to sustain the residualisation of human welfare in rural areas and are antithetic to the broader principles of sustainable development that rhetorically at least are said to drive UK rural planning policy. The article concludes by calling for the realignment of rural planning principles and recommends a number of behaviour changes that would contribute to continuous improvement towards sustainable development in rural England.

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SCOTT, LORD JUSTICE (1942), Report of the Committee on Land Utilisation in Rural Areas (Cmnd 6378), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

SHOARD, M. (1980), The Theft of the Countryside, London, Temple Smith. The Theft of the Countryside Google Scholar

SHORTEN, J. (2005) It's not just about transport is it? What are sustainable rural communities? (prepared for the Commission for Rural Communities), available at www.ruralcommunities.gov Google Scholar

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TAYLOR, M. (2008), Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing, London, DCLG. Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing Google Scholar

TCPA (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ASSOCIATION) (2007), Best Practice in Urban Extensions and New Settlements (report to DCLG), available at: www.tcpa.org.uk/downloads/20070606-NSUE.pdf Google Scholar

WARD, N. and LOWE, P. (2007), 'Blairite modernisation and countryside policy', The Political Quarterly, 78, 412–21. Blairite modernisation and countryside policy The Political Quarterly 78 412 21 Google Scholar

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ATKIN, M. (1993), Snouts in the Trough: European Farmers, the Common Agricultural Policy and the Public Purse, Cambridge, Woodhead Publishing. Snouts in the Trough: European Farmers, the Common Agricultural Policy and the Public Purse Google Scholar

BARLOW, M. (1940), Report of the Royal Commission on the Distribution of the Industrial Population (Cmd 6153), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

BISHOP, J. (1994), 'Planning for better rural design', Planning Practice and Research, 9, 259–70. Planning for better rural design Planning Practice and Research 9 259 70 Google Scholar

BODY, R. (1982), Agriculture: The Triumph and the Shame, London, Temple Smith. Agriculture: The Triumph and the Shame Google Scholar

BRACEY, H.E. (1970), People and the Countryside, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul. People and the Countryside Google Scholar

CARNEGIE UK TRUST (2007), A Charter for Rural Communities, Dunfermline, Carnegie UK Trust. Google Scholar

CHAMPION, T. and WATKINS, C. (1991), People in the Countryside: Studies of Social Change in Rural Britain, London, Paul Chapman. People in the Countryside: Studies of Social Change in Rural Britain Google Scholar

CLIFFORD, S. and KING, A. (no date), 'Local Distinctiveness: Losing Your Place', available at http://commonground.org.uk/distinctiveness/d-index.html Google Scholar

CLOKE, P. J. and LITTLE, J. (1990), The Rural State: Limits to Planning in Rural Society, Oxford, Clarendon Press. The Rural State: Limits to Planning in Rural Society Google Scholar

CRC (COMMISSION FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES) (2008), Planning for Sustainable Rural Communities: The Big Picture (CRC 73), Cheltenham, CRC. Google Scholar

CURRY, D. (2002), Strategy for Sustainable Farming and Food, London, DEFRA. Strategy for Sustainable Farming and Food Google Scholar

CURRY, N. R. and RAVENSCROFT, N. (2001), 'Countryside recreation provision in England: exploring a demand-led approach', Land Use Policy, 18, 281–91. Countryside recreation provision in England: exploring a demand-led approach Land Use Policy 18 281 91 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006a), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, 29 November, London, DGLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006b), Barker Review of Land Use Planning, December, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006c), Strong and Prosperous Communities – The Local Government White Paper, 26 October, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DEFRA (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2006), The Environment in Your Pocket, 10th edition, London, DEFRA. Google Scholar

DEFRA (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2008), 'Defra announce first results from monitoring the impact of 0 per cent set aside rate', News release, 30 January, available at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/news/2008/080130a.htm Google Scholar

GALLENT, N., JUNTTI, M., KIDD, S. and SHAW, D. (2008), Introduction to Rural Planning, London, Routledge. Introduction to Rural Planning Google Scholar

GILG, A. (2005), Planning in Britain, Understanding and Evaluating the Post War System, London, Sage. Planning in Britain, Understanding and Evaluating the Post War System Google Scholar

GCC (GLOUCESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL) (1999), Gloucestershire Structure Plan, Second Review, Gloucester, County Hall, November. Google Scholar

GREAT BRITAIN DAY VISITS SURVEY (2004), Survey for 2002–03, Edinburgh, TNS Travel and Tourism Google Scholar

GREEN, R. J. (1972), Country Planning, the Future of Rural Regions, Manchester, Manchester University Press. Country Planning, the Future of Rural Regions Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

GUARDIAN (2007), 'Brown sets out to woo back Middle England', 14 May. Google Scholar

HARVEY, G. (1997), The Killing of the Countryside, London, Jonathon Cape. The Killing of the Countryside Google Scholar

HORTICULTURAL TRADES ASSOCIATION (2008), Market Research – Gardening Continuum. Web page derived from report The Great British Gardener: A Profile of Gardeners in 2006, available at: www.the-hta.org.uk Google Scholar

HM TREASURY AND DEFRA (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2005), A Vision for the Common Agricultural Policy, Norwich, HMSO. Google Scholar

HM TREASURY, DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY REFORM AND DCLG (2007), Review of Sub-national Economic Development and Regeneration, PU300, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

LAPPING, M. B. (2006), 'Rural policy and planning', in P. Cloke, T. Marsden and P. H. Mooney (eds), A Handbook of Rural Studies, London, Sage. Rural policy and planning A Handbook of Rural Studies Google Scholar

LOWE, P. and GOYDER, J. (1983), Environmental Groups in Politics, London, Allen and Unwin. Environmental Groups in Politics Google Scholar

LOWE, P., BRADLEY, T. and WRIGHT, S. (1985), Deprivation and Welfare in Rural Areas, Norwich, Geo books. Deprivation and Welfare in Rural Areas Google Scholar

LOWE, P., EDWARDS, S. and WARD, N. (2001), The Foot and Mouth Crisis: Issues for Public Policy and Research (Centre for Rural Economy Working Paper Series), Working Paper 64, May. Google Scholar

LOWE, P. and WARD, N. (2007), 'Sustainable rural economies: some lessons from the English experience', Sustainable Development, 15, 307–17. Sustainable rural economies: some lessons from the English experience Sustainable Development 15 307 17 Google Scholar

MARSDEN, T., MURDOCH, J., LOWE, P., MUNTON, R. and FLYNN, A. (1993). Constructing the Countryside, London UCL Press. Constructing the Countryside Google Scholar

NATURAL ENGLAND (2007), The England Day Visits Survey, 2005, Cheltenham, Natural England. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2006), The New Rural Paradigm: Policies and Governance, Paris: OECD. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2001), Planning Policy Guidance 13 Transport, March, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Planning Policy Statement 7: Sustainable Development in Rural Areas, August, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development, London, ODMP. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2006), A Framework for City-Regions (Working Paper 1, Mapping City-Regions), London. Google Scholar

OWEN, S. (1994), Planning Settlements Naturally, Chichester, Packard Publishing. Planning Settlements Naturally Google Scholar

OWEN, S. (2007), 'Classic hill towns: ways of looking at the appearance of settlememtns in the landscape', Journal of Urban Design, 12, 95–117. Classic hill towns: ways of looking at the appearance of settlememtns in the landscape Journal of Urban Design 12 95 117 Google Scholar

OWEN, S. and SARLOV HERLIN, I. (2008), 'A sustainable development framework for a landscape of dispersed historic settlement', Landscape Research, 34, 33–54. A sustainable development framework for a landscape of dispersed historic settlement Landscape Research 34 33 54 Google Scholar

SCOTT, LORD JUSTICE (1942), Report of the Committee on Land Utilisation in Rural Areas (Cmnd 6378), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

SHOARD, M. (1980), The Theft of the Countryside, London, Temple Smith. The Theft of the Countryside Google Scholar

SHORTEN, J. (2005) It's not just about transport is it? What are sustainable rural communities? (prepared for the Commission for Rural Communities), available at www.ruralcommunities.gov Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, M. (2008), Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing, London, DCLG. Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing Google Scholar

TCPA (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ASSOCIATION) (2007), Best Practice in Urban Extensions and New Settlements (report to DCLG), available at: www.tcpa.org.uk/downloads/20070606-NSUE.pdf Google Scholar

WARD, N. and LOWE, P. (2007), 'Blairite modernisation and countryside policy', The Political Quarterly, 78, 412–21. Blairite modernisation and countryside policy The Political Quarterly 78 412 21 Google Scholar

WEBBER, D. J., CURRY, N. R. and PLUMRIDGE, A. (2009), 'Business productivity and area productivity in rural England', Regional Studies, 43, 661–75. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England Regional Studies 43 661 75 Google Scholar

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Author details

Curry, Nigel

Owen, Stephen