Town Planning Review

Challenges of open space preservation: a Texas case study

Town Planning Review (2016), 87, (2), 159–178.

Abstract

Systematic efforts examining municipal open space protection remain limited, and untethered from innovative green infrastructure concepts. Generic and specialised literature on successful policy formulation is synthesised into a framework of influences of success: civic resources; problem identification; and, policy logic, and applied to three policies in San Antonio, Texas. These factors emerge as critical determinants of whether open space efforts effectively address the problem at hand. The study provides a robust explication of the relative success of a central park effort, a land acquisition program to protect water supply and a parkland dedication ordinance.

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ZEMAN, A. R., HILLIKER, M., KOLES, M. and MARCOUILLER, D. (2003), ‘Ensuring open space’, (Working Paper 03–1), University of Wisconsin, Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Ensuring open space Google Scholar

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APPLE, D. R. (2004), ‘America’s converging open space protection policies: evidence from New Hampshire, Virginia, and Oregon’, The Urban Lawyer, 36, 341–74. America’s converging open space protection policies: evidence from New Hampshire, Virginia, and Oregon The Urban Lawyer 36 341 74 Google Scholar

ARENDT, R. G. (1996), Conservation Design for Subdivisions, Washington DC, Island Press. Conservation Design for Subdivisions Google Scholar

BADGER, E. (2013), ‘The completely puzzling relationship between city population and parks’, The Atlantic Cities, April 8, http://www.citylab.com/housing/2013/04/completely-puzzling-relationship-between-city-population-and-urban-nature/5204/ (accessed 25 June 2015). Google Scholar

BEATLEY, T. (2000), Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities, Washington DC, Island Press. Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities Google Scholar

BENEDICT, M. A. and MCMAHON, E. T. (2002), Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century, Washington, DC, Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse. Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century Google Scholar

BENEDICT, M. A. and MCMAHON, E. T. (2006), Green Infrastructure: Linking Landscapes and Communities, Washington, DC, Island Press. Green Infrastructure: Linking Landscapes and Communities Google Scholar

BOONE, C. G. and MODARRES, A. (2006), City and Environment, Philadelphia, Temple University Press. City and Environment Google Scholar

CITY OF SAN ANTONIO (n.d.), ‘Edwards Aquifer Protection Program’, www.sanantonio.gov/edwardsaquifer (accessed 15 July 2015). Google Scholar

CROMPTON, J. L. (2010), ‘An analysis of parkland dedication ordinances in Texas’, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 28, 70–102. An analysis of parkland dedication ordinances in Texas Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 28 70 102 Google Scholar

DANIELS, T. L. (2009), ‘A trail across time: American environmental planning from city beautiful to sustainability’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 75, 178–92. A trail across time: American environmental planning from city beautiful to sustainability Journal of the American Planning Association 75 178 92 Google Scholar

DUKE, J. M. and LYNCH, L. (2007), ‘Gauging support for innovative farmland preservation techniques’, Policy Sciences, 40, 123–55. Gauging support for innovative farmland preservation techniques Policy Sciences 40 123 55 Google Scholar

FAIRFAX, S. K., GWIN, L., KING, M., RAYMOND, L. and WATT, L. A. (2005), Buying Nature, Cambridge, MIT Press. Buying Nature Google Scholar

FREESTONE, R. (2002), ‘Greenbelts in city and regional planning’, in K. C. Parsons and D. Schuyler (eds), From Garden City to Green City, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 67–98. Greenbelts in city and regional planning From Garden City to Green City 67 98 Google Scholar

GARVIN, A. (2008), ‘Greening cities: a public realm approach’, in E. L. Birch and S. M. Wachter (eds), Growing Greener Cities, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 60–83. Greening cities: a public realm approach Growing Greener Cities 60 83 Google Scholar

GLAESER, E. (2012), Triumph of the City,New York, Penguin Press. Triumph of the City Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

GRIFFITH, J. C. (2011), ‘Green infrastructure’, The Urban Lawyer, 42/43, 259–306. Green infrastructure The Urban Lawyer 42/43 259 306 Google Scholar

HAMPTON, G. (2009), ‘Narrative policy analysis and the integration of public involvement in decision making’, Policy Sciences, 42, 227–42. Narrative policy analysis and the integration of public involvement in decision making Policy Sciences 42 227 42 Google Scholar

HOUCK, M. C. (2006), ‘Respecting nature’s design in metropolitan Portland, Oregon’, in R. H. Platt (ed.), The Humane Metropolis, Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 75–86. Respecting nature’s design in metropolitan Portland, Oregon The Humane Metropolis 75 86 Google Scholar

HOWELL-MORONEY, M. (2005), ‘Economic implementation constraints on preserving land from sprawl: the case of the Delaware Valley’, Public Administration Quarterly, 29, 54–76. Economic implementation constraints on preserving land from sprawl: the case of the Delaware Valley Public Administration Quarterly 29 54 76 Google Scholar

KOTKIN, J. (2013), ‘The fastest growing cities in the U.S.’, Forbes, March 18. The fastest growing cities in the U.S. Forbes Google Scholar

MAZMANIAN, D. A. and SABATIER, P. A. (1981), Effective Policy Implementation, Lexington, DC, Heath and Company. Effective Policy Implementation Google Scholar

MCELFISH, J. M. (2004), Nature-Friendly Ordinances, Washington, DC, Environmental Law Institute. Nature-Friendly Ordinances Google Scholar

MILLER, C. (2001), On the Border, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press. On the Border Google Scholar

MILLER, C. and SANDERS, H. (2001), ‘Parks, politics, and patronage’, in C. Miller (ed.), On the Border,Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 83–98. Parks, politics, and patronage On the Border 83 98 Google Scholar

NEWTON, J. L., FREYFOGLE, E. T. and SULLIVAN, W. C. (2006), ‘Land, ecology, and democracy: a twenty-first century view’, Politics and the Life Sciences, 25, 42–56. Land, ecology, and democracy: a twenty-first century view Politics and the Life Sciences 25 42 56 Google Scholar

PEPLER, G. L. (1923), ‘Open Spaces’, Town Planning Review, 10, 11–24. Open Spaces Town Planning Review 10 11 24 Google Scholar

PLATT, R. H. BEATLEY, T., MICHAELS, S., GOUCHER, N. and FENSTERMACHER, B. (2008), ‘Urban stream restoration: recovering ecological services in degraded watersheds’, in E. L. Birch and S. M. Wachter (eds), Growing Greener Cities, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 127–51. Urban stream restoration: recovering ecological services in degraded watersheds Growing Greener Cities 127 51 Google Scholar

PRESS, D. (2002), Saving Open Space,Berkeley, University of California Press. Saving Open Space Google Scholar

PRESS, D. and NAKAGAWA, N. (2009), ‘Local open space preservation in the United States’, in D. A. Mazmanian and M. E. Kraft (eds), Toward Sustainable Communities, Cambridge, MIT Press, 141–68. Local open space preservation in the United States Toward Sustainable Communities 141 68 Google Scholar

ROMERO, F. S. and LISERIO, A. (2002), ‘Saving open spaces: determinants of 1998 and 1999 “antisprawl” ballot measures’, Social Science Quarterly, 83, 341–52. Saving open spaces: determinants of 1998 and 1999 “antisprawl” ballot measures Social Science Quarterly 83 341 52 Google Scholar

RYAN, R. L. (2006), ‘The role of place attachment in sustaining urban parks’, in R. H. Platt (ed.), The Humane Metropolis, Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 61–74. The role of place attachment in sustaining urban parks The Humane Metropolis 61 78 Google Scholar

SAKAI, A. (2011), ‘“Reassessing” London’s squares: the development of preservation policy 1880–1931’, Town Planning Review, 82, 615–37. “Reassessing” London’s squares: the development of preservation policy 1880–1931 Town Planning Review 82 615 37 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS-NEWS (2007b), ‘Bonds are key for park’, 6 May. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

STEPHENSON, R. B. (1999), ‘A vision of green: Lewis Mumford’s legacy in Portland, Oregon’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 65, 259–69. A vision of green: Lewis Mumford Journal of the American Planning Association 65 259 69 Google Scholar

TAL, A. (2008), ‘Space matters: historical drivers and turning points in Israel’s Open Space Protection Policy’, Israel Studies, 13, 119–51. Space matters: historical drivers and turning points in Israel Israel Studies 13 119 51 Google Scholar

THOMAS, G. S. (2014), ‘The Business Journals’ brainpower ranking for 102 major markets’, The Business Journals, February 27. The Business Journals’ brainpower ranking for 102 major markets The Business Journals Google Scholar

VAUGHN, G. F. (1964), ‘In search of standards for preserving open space’, Public Administration Review, 24, 254–58. In search of standards for preserving open space Public Administration Review 24 254 58 Google Scholar

WEBER, E. P. (2009), ‘Explaining institutional change in tough cases of collaboration: “ideas” in the Blackfoot watershed’, Public Administration Review, 69, 314–27. Explaining institutional change in tough cases of collaboration: “ideas” in the Blackfoot watershed Public Administration Review 69 314 27 Google Scholar

WEBSTER, C. (2007), ‘Property rights, public space and urban design’, Town Planning Review, 78, 81–101. Property rights, public space and urban design Town Planning Review 78 81 101 Google Scholar

WHEELER, S. M. and BEATLEY, T. (eds) (2009), The Sustainable Urban Development Reader,London, Routledge. The Sustainable Urban Development Reader Google Scholar

YIN, R. K. (1994), Case Study Research,Thousand Oaks, SAGE Publications. Case Study Research Google Scholar

ZEMAN, A. R., HILLIKER, M., KOLES, M. and MARCOUILLER, D. (2003), ‘Ensuring open space’, (Working Paper 03–1), University of Wisconsin, Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Ensuring open space Google Scholar

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Romero, Francine