Town Planning Review

Efficacy and ethics: An investigation into the role of ethics, legitimacy and power in planning

Town Planning Review (2010), 81, (4), 425–444.

Abstract

The main thrust of the article is to consider the role of ethics, legitimacy, power and evidence-based policy in planning practice. The laboratory for the investigation is provided by developments in policy-making and implementation in the jurisdiction of Northern Ireland. In this context, each of the key themes is developed to establish a conceptual framework and the emerging issues are subsequently explored in an empirical investigation which deals with policy formulation and implementation, enabling lessons to be learnt about the motivations, tactics and strategies of the various participants in the process.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALLMENDINGER, P. and TEWDWR-JONES, M. (1998), 'Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning', Environment & Planning A, 30, 1975–89. Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning Environment & Planning A 30 1975 89 Google Scholar

BAKER, M. and WONG, C. (2006), 'Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33, 661–83. Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 33 661 83 Google Scholar

BARON, M., SLOTE, M. and PETTIT, P. (1997), Three Methods of Ethics, Oxford, Blackwell. Three Methods of Ethics Google Scholar

BEETHAM, D. (1991), The Legitimation of Power, Basingstoke, Macmillan. The Legitimation of Power Google Scholar

BLAIKIE, N. (2000), Designing Social Research, Cambridge, Polity Press. Designing Social Research Google Scholar

BREWSTER, R. (2007), Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia, Australia, Chifley Business School. Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia Google Scholar

CABINET OFFICE (1999), Modernising Government, Cm 4310, London, Stationary Office. Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. (2002), 'Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes', Planning Theory & Practice, 3, 89–104. Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes Planning Theory & Practice 3 89 104 Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2002), 'Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning', Planning Theory, 1, 165–89. Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning Planning Theory 1 165 89 Google Scholar

DOENI (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT FOR NORTHERN IRELAND) (1993), A Planning Strategy for Rural Northern Ireland, Belfast, Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. Google Scholar

DOENI (1998), Planning Policy Statement 1: General Principles, Belfast, Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. Google Scholar

DOENI (2006), Ministerial Statement on Draft Planning Policy Statement 14: Sustainable Development in the Countryside, Belfast, The Planning Service, 4–5. Google Scholar

DOENI (2007), Statement on PPS14 Judicial Review, Belfast, The Planning Service. Google Scholar

DOENI (2008), Draft Planning Policy Statement 21: Sustainable Development in the Countryside, Belfast, The Stationary Office. Google Scholar

DRD (DEPARTMENT FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT) (2006), Draft Planning Policy Statement 14: Sustainable Development in the Countryside, Belfast, The Stationary Office. Google Scholar

FLYVBERG, B. (2002), 'Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21, 353–66. Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story Journal of Planning Education and Research 21 353 66 Google Scholar

FOUCAULT, M. (1982), 'The subject and power', in H. Dreyfus and P. Rabinow (eds), Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press. The subject and power Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics Google Scholar

FOUCAULT, M. (1983), Discourse and Truth: The Problematization of Parrhesia (six lectures given by Michel Foucault at the University of California at Berkeley, October–November 1983), Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Google Scholar

GUNDER, M. (2003), ''Passionate planning for others' desire: an agonistic response to the dark side of planning', Progress in Planning, 60, 235–319. 'Passionate planning for others' desire: an agonistic response to the dark side of planning Progress in Planning 60 235 319 Google Scholar

HCEFRA (HOUSE OF COMMONS ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE) (2005), Waste Policy and the Landfill Directive, 4th Report of Session 2004–05 March, HC102, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2002), Shadows of Power: An Allegory of Prudence in Land-Use Planning, London, Routledge. Shadows of Power: An Allegory of Prudence in Land-Use Planning Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2003), 'Agonising over consensus: why Habermasian ideals cannot be real', Planning Theory, 2, 37–59. Agonising over consensus: why Habermasian ideals cannot be real Planning Theory 2 37 59 Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2007), Stretching beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance, Aldershot, Ashgate. Stretching beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance Google Scholar

HOWE, E. (2009), Acting on Ethics in City Planning, New Jersey, Center for Urban Policy Research. Acting on Ethics in City Planning Google Scholar

LAZIN, F. (1995), 'Lessons for the study of policy implementation: project renewal in Israel', Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration, 8, 171–300. Lessons for the study of policy implementation: project renewal in Israel Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration 8 171 300 Google Scholar

LUCY, N. (2004), A Derrida Dictionary, London, Blackwell. A Derrida Dictionary Google Scholar

MARCUSE, P. (1976), 'Professional ethics and beyond: values in planning', Journal of the American Planning Association, 42, 264–74. Professional ethics and beyond: values in planning Journal of the American Planning Association 42 264 74 Google Scholar

MCGANN, A. (2006), The Logic of Democracy: Reconciling Equality, Deliberation and Minority Protection', Ann Arbor, MI, University of Michigan Press. The Logic of Democracy: Reconciling Equality, Deliberation and Minority Protection Google Scholar

MCKAY, S. (2010), 'In pursuit of parrhesia: an investigation into knowledge selection in inquisitorial planning practice', Environment and Planning A, 42, 116–33. In pursuit of parrhesia: an investigation into knowledge selection in inquisitorial planning practice Environment and Planning A 42 116 33 Google Scholar

MOUFFE, C. (1999), 'Deliberative democracy or agonistic pluralism', Social Research, 66, 745–58. Deliberative democracy or agonistic pluralism Social Research 66 745 58 Google Scholar

MURRAY, M. (2006), 'Planning policy for the Northern Ireland countryside – old wine in a new bottle', Economic Outlook and Business Review, 21, 41–44. Planning policy for the Northern Ireland countryside – old wine in a new bottle Economic Outlook and Business Review 21 41 44 Google Scholar

NEILL, W. and ELLIS, G. (2006), 'Spatial governance in contested territory: the case of Northern/North of Ireland', in M. Tewdwr-Jones and P. Allmendinger (eds), Territory, Identity and Space: Spatial Governance in a Fragmented Nation, London, Routledge. Spatial governance in contested territory: the case of Northern/North of Ireland Territory, Identity and Space: Spatial Governance in a Fragmented Nation Google Scholar

NORTHERN IRELAND AUDIT OFFICE (2009), The Performance of the Planning Service (Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General), Belfast, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

PLØGER, J. (2004), 'Strife: urban planning and agonism', Planning Theory, 3, 71–92. Strife: urban planning and agonism Planning Theory 3 71 92 Google Scholar

RTPI (ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE (2007), Code of Professional Conduct, London, RTPI. Google Scholar

SOLESBURY, W. (2002), 'The ascendency of evidence', Planning Theory and Practice, 3, 90–96. The ascendency of evidence Planning Theory and Practice 3 90 96 Google Scholar

SUCHMAN, M. (1995) 'Managing legitimacy: strategic and institutional approaches', The Academy of Management Review, 20, 571–610. Managing legitimacy: strategic and institutional approaches The Academy of Management Review 20 571 610 Google Scholar

SWAIN, C. and TAIT, M. (2007), 'The crisis of trust in planning', Planning Theory & Practice, 8, 229–47. The crisis of trust in planning Planning Theory & Practice 8 229 47 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, (2009), 'Consequentialism and the ethics of planning research', in F. Lo Piccolo and H. Thomas (eds), Ethics and Planning Research, Aldershot, Ashgate. Consequentialism and the ethics of planning research Ethics and Planning Research Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WELLS, P. (2007), 'New Labour and evidence based policy making: 1997–2007', People, Place & Policy Online, 1, 22–29. New Labour and evidence based policy making: 1997–2007 People, Place & Policy Online 1 22 29 Google Scholar

WONG, C. (2000), 'Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain', Town Planning Review, 71, 213–39. Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain Town Planning Review 71 213 39 Google Scholar

WONG, C. (2003), 'Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications', Town Planning Review, 74, 253–79. Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications Town Planning Review 74 253 79 Google Scholar

YOUNG, K., ASHBY, D., BOAZ, A. and GRAYSON, L. (2002), 'Social science and the evidence-based policy movement', Social Policy and Society, 1, 215–24. Social science and the evidence-based policy movement Social Policy and Society 1 215 24 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

McKay, Stephen