Town Planning Review

Unfinished business: European spatial planning in the 2000s

Town Planning Review (2003), 74, (1), 121–140.

Abstract

The European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) adopted in 1999 is widely applied. INTERREG brings new actors into its orbit. The European Commission refers to it more frequently than could have been expected. However, the process relied on informal meetings of ministers and an equally informal Committee on Spatial Development doing the work. Having been kept at arm's length by member states, the Commission has written this process off Intergovernmental cooperation is indispensable, nevertheless. What is needed to advance European spatial planning in the 2000s is a package deal, attractive to the member states that have worked so enthusiastically on the ESDP. The deal must build on INTERREG, in particular the various spatial visions, and envelop the institutional infrastructure emerging in this context. Last but not least, the Community role needs to be legitimised. Otherwise, spatial planning will not flourish in the European multi-level system of governance.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AKADEMIE FÜR RAUMFORSCHUNG UND LANDESPLANUNG (1996), Europäische Raumentwicklungspolitik; Rechtliche Verankerung im Vertrag über die Europäische Union (Arbeitsmaterial Nr.233), Hanover, Verlag der ARL. Google Scholar

ANDERSON, J. (1996), 'New medieval and postmodern territorialities?', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 14, 133-53. New medieval and postmodern territorialities?' Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 14 133 53 Google Scholar

ANZUINI, A. and STRUBELT, W. (eds) (2001), Criteria for the Spatial Differentiation of the EU Territory: Cultural Assets (Study Programme on European Spatial Planning; Forschungen, Heft 100.2), Bonn, Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning. Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. (2001), 'The emerging ''urban agenda'' and the European Spatial Development Perspective: towards an EU urban policy?', European Planning Studies, 9, 385-406. The emerging ''urban agenda'' and the European Spatial Development Perspective: towards an EU urban policy?' European Planning Studies 9 385 406 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BAILLY, A. and FREMONT, A. (eds) (2001), Europe and Its States: A Geography, Paris, La documentation Française. Europe and Its States: A Geography Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BENGS, C. (2002), 'Introduction' in C. Bengs (ed.), Facing ESPON (Nordregio Report 2002:1), Nordregio, Stockholm, 7-24 (available on www.nordregio.se/publicat.htm Google Scholar

BENZ, A. (2002), 'How to reduce the burden of coordination in spatial planning' in A. Faludi (ed.), European Spatial Planning: A North American Perspective, Boston MA, Lincoln Institute for Land Policy. How to reduce the burden of coordination in spatial planning European Spatial Planning: A North American Perspective Google Scholar

BUNDESAMT FÜR BAUWESEN UND RAUMORDNUNG (2001a), INTERREG IIc: Transnationale Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Raumentwicklung: 20 Beispielprojekte, Bonn. Google Scholar

BUNDESAMT FÜR BAUWESEN UND RAUMORDNUNG (2001b), Study Programme on European Spatial Planning (Forschungen Heft 103.2), Bonn. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1997a), The EU Compendium of Spatial Planning Systems and Policies (Regional Development Studies 28), Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1997b), European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP): First Official Draft, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1997c), Towards an Urban Agenda in the European Union (Communication from the Commission: COM (97) 197 final), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1998a), The Common Transport Policy: Sustainable Mobility Perspectives for the Future (Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: COM (98) 716 final), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1998b), Sustainable Urban Development in the European Union: A Framework for Action (Communication from the Commission: COM (98) 605 final), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1999a), European Spatial Development Perspective: Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the EU, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1999b), The Structural Funds and their Coordination with the Cohesion Fund. Guidelines for Programmes in the Period 2000-2006, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2000a), TERRA: An Experimental Laboratory in Spatial Planning, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2000b), On Integrated Coastal Zone Management: A Strategy for Europe (Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: COM (2000) 547 final), Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2000c), Services of General Interest in Europe (Communication from the Commission: COM (2000) 580 final), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2001a), A Sustainable Europe for a Better World: A European Strategy for Sustainable Development, (Communication from the Commission: COM (2001) 264 final), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2001b), Unity, Solidarity, Diversity for Europe, Its People and Its Territory: Second Report on Economic and Social Cohesion, Preliminary edition, Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2001c), Report to the Laeken European Council: Services of General Interest (Communication from the Commission: COM (2001) 598), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2001d), European Governance: A White Paper (Communication from the Commission: COM (2001) 428), Brussels, CEC. Google Scholar

CEMAT (CONFERENCE OF EUROPEAN MINISTERS RESPONSIBLE FOR REGIONAL PLANNING) (2000), Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent (adopted at the Twelfth Session of the European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional Planning on 7-8 September in Hanover), Council of Europe. Google Scholar

CULLINGWORTH, B. and NADIN, V. (2002), Town and Country Planning in the UK (Thirteenth edition), London, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000), Regional Planning (Planning Policy Guidance Note 11), Norwich, HMSO. Google Scholar

DTLR (DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT, LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE REGIONS) (2002), Your Region, Your Choice: Revitalising the English Regions, Norwich, Stationary Office. Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. (2001), 'The application of the European Spatial Development Perspective: evidence from the North West Metropolitan Area', European Planning Studies, 9, 663-75. The application of the European Spatial Development Perspective: evidence from the North West Metropolitan Area' European Planning Studies 9 663 75 Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. and PEYRONY, J. (2001), 'The French pioneering role' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory competition and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 253-62. Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. and WATERHOUT, B. (2002), The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective: No Masterplan (The RTPI Library Series), London, Routledge. Google Scholar

FEDERAL MINISTRY FOR REGIONAL PLANNING, BUILDING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (1993), Guidelines for Regional Planning: General Principles for Spatial Development in the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn. Google Scholar

FINKA, M. (2001), 'Moving out of the shadow of the Iron Curtain: the need to reflect on EU enlargement in the ESDP' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory competition and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 313-16. Google Scholar

GATAWIS, S. (2000), Grundfragen eines europäischen Raumordnungsrechts (Beiträge zur Raumplanung und zum Siedlungs-und Wohnungswesen, Bd. 196), Münster, Selbstverlag des Zentralinstituts für Raumplanung und des Instituts für Siedlungs-und Wohnungswesen der Universität Münster. Google Scholar

GÖRMAR, W. (2001), 'Zur Bewertung transnationaler Programme der räumlichen Entwicklung: Beispiele der Ostseekooperation und anderer Kooperationsräume', Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, No. 6/7?, 423-36. Google Scholar

GOVERNEMENT WALLON (1999), Schéma de développement de l'éspace régional, Namur. Google Scholar

GRAUTE, U. (2002), Kooperation in der Europäischen Raumentwicklungspolitik: Mehrebenenkooperation in komlexen Politikprozeessen alanysiert am Beispiel der Formulierung und Implementierung einer Politik zur integrierten Entwicklung des europäischen Raumes (IÖRSchriften Band 37), Dresden, Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung e.V. Google Scholar

GUIGOU, J.-L. (ed.) (2000), Aménager la France de 2020: Mettre les territories en mouvement (Nouvelle édition revue et augmentée), DATAR, Paris, La documentation Française. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

HOOGHE, L. and MARKS, G. (2001), Multi-level Governance and European Integration, Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford, Rowman & Littlefield. Multi-level Governance and European Integration Google Scholar

HUSSON, C. (2002), L'Europe sans territoire: Essay sur le concept de cohésion territoriale, Paris, DATAR/éditions de l'aube. L'Europe sans territoire: Essay sur le concept de cohésion territoriale Google Scholar

JENSEN, O. and JØRGENSEN, I. (2000), 'Danish planning: the long shadow of Europe', Built Environment, 26, 31-40. Danish planning: the long shadow of Europe' Built Environment 26 31 40 Google Scholar

LAFFAN, B., O'DONNELL, R. and SMITH, M. (2000), Europe's Experimental Union: Rethinking Integration, London, Routledge. Europe's Experimental Union: Rethinking Integration Google Scholar

LECQ, R. VAN DER (2001), 'Belgium in the ESDP process' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory competition and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 278-86. Google Scholar

MARTIN, D. (2000), 'Les Pays-Bas dans le territoire européen: un petit pays central face á l'internationalisation de l'aménagement du territoire', Territoires 2020: Revue d'études et de prospective, 1, 80-91. Les Pays-Bas dans le territoire européen: un petit pays central face á l'internationalisation de l'aménagement du territoire' Territoires 2020: Revue d'études et de prospective 1 80 91 Google Scholar

MARTIN, D. (2001), 'The ESDP from a Dutch point of view' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory conflict and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 263-68. Google Scholar

MINISTÈRE DE L'AMÉNAGEMENT DU TERRITOIRE (1999), Programme directeur d'aménagement du territoire: Project, Luxembourg. Google Scholar

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY, SPATIAL PLANNING DEPARTMENT (1997), Denmark and European Spatial Planning Policy (National Planning Report for Denmark from the Minister for Environment and Energy), Copenhagen. Google Scholar

MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC (1999), Slovakia Spatial Development Perspective (Abridged), Bratislava. Google Scholar

NATIONAL SPATIAL PLANNING AGENCY (2000), Spatial Perspectives in Europe (Spatial Reconnaissances 1999), The Hague, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. Google Scholar

ÖROK (ÖSTERREICHISCHE RAUMORDNUNGSKONFERENZ) (1999), Tenth ÖROK-Enquete 20 Mai in Wien: Das Österreichische Raumentwicklungskonzept 2001: Zwischen Europe und Gemeinde (Schriftenreihe 151), Wien, Geschäftsstelle der Österreichischen Raumordnungskonferenz. Google Scholar

PEYRONY, J. (2002), Le schéma de développement de l'espace communautaire, DATAR, Paris, La documentation Française. Le schéma de développement de l'espace communautaire Google Scholar

ROBERT, J., STUMM, T., VET. J. M., REINCKE, G. J., HOLLANDERS, M. and FIGUEIREDO, M. A. (2001), Spatial Impacts of Community Policies and the Costs of Noncoordination, Brussel, European Commission. Spatial Impacts of Community Policies and the Costs of Noncoordination Google Scholar

ROSS, G. (1995), Jacques Delors and European Integration, Cambridge, Polity Press. Jacques Delors and European Integration Google Scholar

SELKE, W. (1999a), 'Das Europäische Raumentwicklungskonzept als Bezugsrahmen für nationale Raumordnungspolitiken' in Österreichische Raumordnungskonferenz (ÖROK), Tenth ÖROK-Enquete 20 Mai in Wien: Das Österreichische Raumentwicklungskonzept 2001: Zwischen Europe und Gemeinde (Schriftenreihe 151), Wien, Geschäftsstelle der Österreichischen Raumordnungskonferenz, 89-96. Google Scholar

SELKE, W. (1999b), 'Einbindung in die Bundesraumordnung und in die europäische Raumordnungspolitik', in Akademie fürRaumforschung und Landesplanung, Grundriβ der Landes-und Regionalplanung, Hanover, 115-130. Google Scholar

TUROWSKI, G. (ed.) (2002), Spatial Planning in Germany: Structures and Concepts (Studies in Spatial Development 1), Hanover, Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung. Google Scholar

WEGELIN, F. (2001), 'Switzerland and the European Spatial Development Perspective' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory competition and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 304-08. Google Scholar

WEGENER, M., ESKELINEN, H., FÜRST, F., SCHÜRMANN, C. and SPIEKERMANN, K. (2001), Criteria for the Spatial Differentiation of the EU Territory: Geographical Position (Study Programme on European Spatial Planning (Forschungen, Heft 102.2)), Bonn, Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning. Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, R. H. (1996), European Union Spatial Policy and Planning, London, Chapman Publishing. European Union Spatial Policy and Planning Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, R. H. (2000), 'Constructing the European Spatial Development Perspective: for whom?', European Planning Studies, 8, 357-65. Constructing the European Spatial Development Perspective: for whom?' European Planning Studies 8 357 65 Google Scholar

WONG, C., RAVETZ, J. and TURNER, J. (2000), The United Kingdom Spatial Planning Framework: A Discussion, London, The Royal Town Planning Institute. The United Kingdom Spatial Planning Framework: A Discussion Google Scholar

WORKING GROUP 4c (2001), Multi-level Governance: Linking and Networking the Various Regional and Local Levels (Group 4c) http://europa.eu.int/governance/areas/group10/ index_en.htm Google Scholar

ZETTER, J. (2001), 'The British perspective on the ESDP process' in A. Faludi (ed.), 'Regulatory conflict and cooperation in European spatial planning' (Special Issue), Built Environment, 27, 287-94. Google Scholar

ZETTER, J. (2002), 'Spatial planning in the European Union, 2010' in A. Faludi (ed.), European Spatial Planning: A North American Perspective, Boston, MA, Lincoln Institute for Land Policy. Spatial planning in the European Union, 2010 European Spatial Planning: A North American Perspective Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Faludi, Andreas