Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Robbe-Grillet's Concept of Realism and his Influence on the Basque Novelist Ramon Saizarbitoria

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2008), 85, (3), 383–396.

Abstract

The objective of this brief essay is to examine Robbe-Grillet's ideas on realism, and analyse their influence on the novel Bihotz bi. Gerrako kronikak by Basque author Ramon Saizarbitoria. I will attempt to reflect on the novelty and specificity of this new focus on realism proposed by Robbe-Grillet through his writings and novels. In this respect, his clear opposition to Balzac's model, the influence of Husserl and Merleau Ponty's phenomenology's on him, and the increasingly structuralist conception of his novels are some of the aspects that will guide my analysis. In the second part of this essay, after providing the reader with the socio-historical context of contemporary Basque literature, I will discuss Ramon Saizarbitoria's place in the (Basque) canon and analyse the above mentioned Bihotz bi. Gerrako kronikak. Using extracts from both the novel's original version in Basque and from its Spanish translation by Bego Montorio, I will attempt a comparative reading of the narrative strategies the author has used, drawing special attention to the text's realist basis.

El objetivo de este breve ensayo será analizar las ideas que sobre el realismo propuso el escritor francés Robbe-Grillet y la influencia que éstas tuvieron en la configuración de la novela Bihotz bi. Gerrako kronikak. Trataremos de reflexionar en torno a la novedad y especifidad de este nuevo enfoque del realismo que se propone desde los escritos y novelas del escritor francés Robbe-Grillet. En este sentido, su oposición clara a la novela balzaciana, su clara influencia de la fenomenología de Husserl y Merleau Ponty, la cada vez más manifiesta concepción estructuralista que subyace a su obra … serán algunos puntos que servirán de guía para nuestro análisis. En una segunda fase, y tras contextualizar socio-históricamente la actual literatura en lengua vasca, reflexionaremos sobre el lugar canónico que ocupa el escritor Ramón Saizarbitoria y analizaremos una de sus novelas, la arriba mencionada Bihotz bi. Gerrako kronikak. A través de los ejemplos que iremos extrayendo de la versión original en euskera y de su traducción al castellano realizada por Bego Montorio, propondremos una lectura comparatista de las estrategias narrativas que el autor ha utilizado en la misma, incidiendo, sobre todo, en la idea de realismo que subrayan los textos.

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Olaziregi, Mari Jose