Town Planning Review

Assessing public preferences: The use of stated-preference experiments to assess the impact of varying planning conditions

Town Planning Review (2006), 77, (4), 485–505.

Abstract

Planning takes public preferences into account in determining planning applications. This paper shows how public preferences and utility for planning conditions attached to planning permission can be evaluated and estimated using stated choice experiments; and the marginal rate of substitution between different planning conditions determined. It illustrates how changing planning conditions can increase or decrease public acceptability, and utility, of a development. The study of an opencast coal site in Northumberland reveals the differential utility of different planning conditions, and heterogeneity in preferences. Stricter planning conditions created majority acceptance of the development, compared to current planning conditions, except for those living in close proximity to the development. The welfare effects of changing planning conditions, in terms of planning gain, are also calculated.

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Author details

Willis, Kenneth