Town Planning Review

Greening Europe?: Environmental issues in spatial planning policies and instruments

Town Planning Review (2003), 74, (1), 77–95.

Abstract

Spatial development is evolving as a new, though informal, field of political action of the European Union (EU), conceptualised by a variety of framework documents and instruments. Whereas observing the implementation of environmental principles is firmly established in other political fields, the 'greening' of European spatial development policy is yet to be analysed. The European Spatial Developments Perspective (ESDP) and its application process as well as the 'Framework for Action on Sustainable Urban Development' are key elements of our research work, while the main focus of the study is the process of applying environmental principles. The outcome of the study shows that, at least nominally, environmental factors do play a major role in all of the spatial policy instruments investigated. However, they are not yet given sufficient emphasis, something which is also the case for the ESDP itself and that part of its implementation process related to the Community initiative, INTERREG.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

 Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. (2001), 'The emerging ''urban agenda'' and the European Spatial Development Perspective: towards an EU urban policy?', European Planning Studies, 9, 385-406. The emerging ''urban agenda'' and the European Spatial Development Perspective: towards an EU urban policy?' European Planning Studies 9 385 406 Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. (2002), 'The White Paper on European governance: implications for urban policy', European Planning Studies, 10, 781-92. Google Scholar

BALFORS, B. and SCHMIDTBAUER, J. (2002), 'Swedish guidelines for strategic environmental assessment for EU structural funds', European Environment, 12, 35-48. Swedish guidelines for strategic environmental assessment for EU structural funds' European Environment 12 35 48 Google Scholar

BENZ, A. (1998), 'Politikverflechtung ohne Politikverflechtungsfalle: Koordination und Strukturdynamik im europäischen Mehrebenensystem', Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 39, 558-89. Politikverflechtung ohne Politikverflechtungsfalle: Koordination und Strukturdynamik im europäischen Mehrebenensystem' Politische Vierteljahresschrift 39 558 89 Google Scholar

BUBAU (BUNDESMINISTERIUM FÜR RAUMORDNUNG, BAUWESEN UND STÄDTEBAU) (1997), Interreg IIc Operational Programme for the North Sea Area, Bonn, BUBAU. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1991), Europe 2000: Outlook for the Development of the Community's Territory, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1994), Europe 2000+: Cooperation for European Territorial Development, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1998), Sustainable Urban Development in the European Union: A Framework for Action, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (ed.) (1999), ESDP European Spatial Development Perspective: Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Communities, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES), DG XI (1998), A Handbook on Environmental Assessment of Regional Development Plans and EU Structural Funds Programmes, London, Environmental Resources Management. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES), DG XVI (2002), The Ex-Ante Evaluation of the Structural Funds Interventions http://europa.eu.int/ comm/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/working/ doc/exante_en.pdf Google Scholar

COUNCIL OF EUROPE (1996), 'Pan-European biological and landscape diversity strategy' in Council of Europe et al., The Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy: A Vision for Europe's Natural Heritage, Strasbourg, Geneva, Tilburg, Council of Europe, 10-49. Google Scholar

EUROPEAN CONSULTATIVE FORUM ON ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (1999), The European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP), Comments and Recommendations from the European Consultative Forum on the Environment and Sustainable Development http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ forum/spatreport_en.pdf Google Scholar

EWRINGMANN, D. and PERNER, A. (2000), 'Nachhaltige Raumentwicklung in Europa, Schlussfolgerungen aus dem EUREK', Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, 3, 171-81. Nachhaltige Raumentwicklung in Europa, Schlussfolgerungen aus dem EUREK' Informationen zur Raumentwicklung 3 171 81 Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. and WATERHOUT, B. (2002), No Masterplan: The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective, London, Routledge. No Masterplan: The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective Google Scholar

FRIEGE, H. (1999), 'Siedlungspolitische Folgerungen der Enquěte-Kommission 'Schutz des Menschen und der Umwelt' in A. Bergmann, K. Einig, G. Hutter, B. Müller and S. Siedentop (eds), Siedlungspolitik auf neuen Wegen: Steuerungsinstrumente für eine ressourcenschonende Flächennutzung, Berlin, Edition Sigma, 27-36. Siedlungspolitische Folgerungen der Enquěte-Kommission 'Schutz des Menschen und der Umwelt Siedlungspolitik auf neuen Wegen: Steuerungsinstrumente für eine ressourcenschonende Flächennutzung 27 36 Google Scholar

FULTON, A. and SIDDY, D. (1995), 'The Highlands and Islands Objective 1 Programme: A case study for ex-ante strategic environmental assessment', nal_policy/sources/docconf/ eva/download/92fulton.pdf. Google Scholar

GRAUTE, U. (2002), Kooperation in der Europäischen Raumentwicklungspolitik, Dresden, IÖR-Schriften, 37. Kooperation in der Europäischen Raumentwicklungspolitik 37 Google Scholar

HILDÉN, M. (2000), 'Environmental issues and experiences of environmental assessments in structural funds programmes in Finland' in T. Hilding-Rydevik (ed.), Regional Development Programmes and Integration of Environmental Issues: The Role of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Nordregio WP 2000:9, Stockholm, Nordregio, 33-41. Google Scholar

KIDD, S., MASSEY, D. W. and DAVIES, H. (2003), 'The ESDP and integrated coastal zone management: implications for the integrated management of the Irish Sea', Town Planning Review, this issue. Google Scholar

LENSCHOW, A. (1999), 'The greening of the EU: the CAP and the structural funds', Environment and Planning C, 17, 91-108. The greening of the EU: the CAP and the structural funds' Environment and Planning C 17 91 108 Google Scholar

LENSCHOW, A. (2002a), 'Dynamics in a multilevel polity: greening the European Union regional and cohesion funds' in A. Lenschow, (ed.), Environmental Policy Integration: Greening Sectoral Policies in Europe, London, Earthscan, 193-215. Dynamics in a multilevel polity: greening the European Union regional and cohesion funds Environmental Policy Integration: Greening Sectoral Policies in Europe 193 215 Google Scholar

LENSCHOW, A. (2002b), 'New regulatory approaches in ''greening'' EU policies', European Law Journal, No. 1, 19-37. New regulatory approaches in ''greening'' EU policies' European Law Journal 1 19 37 Google Scholar

MÜLLER, B., LEIBENATH, M. and PALLAGST, K. (2002), Umweltbelange in raum-und stadtentwicklungspolitischen Instrumenten auf europäischer Ebene, Berlin, UBATexte 04/02. Umweltbelange in raum-und stadtentwicklungspolitischen Instrumenten auf europäischer Ebene Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1992), 'Council directive 92/43/EEC(1) of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora' (L206/23), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1993), ' ''Towards sustainability'': the European Community programme of policy and action in relation to the environment and sustainable development', (C138/5), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1997), 'Consolidated version of the Treaty establishing the European Community' (C340/173), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2000a), 'Communication from the Commission to the member states of 28 April 2000 laying down guidelines for a Community initiative concerning economic and social regeneration of cities and of neighbourhoods in crisis in order to promote sustainable urban development URBAN II', (C141/8), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2000b), Communication from the Commission to the member states of 28 April 2000 laying down guidelines for a Community initiative concerning trans-European cooperation intended to encourage harmonious and balanced development of the European territory INTERREG III, (C143/6), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

OJEC (OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2001), 'Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment' (L197/30), Luxembourg. Google Scholar

SAUERBORN, K. and TISCHER, M. (2002), 'Evaluierung und Monitoring der europä ischen Strukturförderung als Qualitätsmanagement zur Förderung einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung', Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, 6/7.2001, 409-21. Evaluierung und Monitoring der europä ischen Strukturförderung als Qualitätsmanagement zur Förderung einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung' Informationen zur Raumentwicklung 6/7 409 21 Google Scholar

SHUTT, J., COLWELL, A. and KOUTSOUKOS, S. (2002), 'Structural funds and their impact: signed and sealed, but can we deliver?', European Planning Studies, 10, 113-30. Structural funds and their impact: signed and sealed, but can we deliver?' European Planning Studies 10 113 30 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

VOOGD, H. (ed.), Issues in Environmental Planning (European Research in Regional Science 4), London, Pion. Google Scholar

WILKINSON, D. (1990), 'Greening the treaty: strengthening environmental policy in the Treaty of Rome', London, Institute for European Environmental Policy. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Leibenath, Markus

Pallagst, Karina