International Development Planning Review

The growth of global hub port cities under globalisation: The case of Shanghai international shipping centre

International Development Planning Review (2009), 31, (4), 423–444.

Abstract

This article takes the Shanghai international shipping centre as a detailed case study of the relations between port and city. The relationship between port growth, economic development and foreign trade is examined in detail. The article argues that the success of urban development in Shanghai results from both the favourable market opportunities and the rational urban development strategies pursued by the city government of Shanghai. Massive foreign direct investment in Shanghai has resulted in large-scale outward-processing activity and explosive growth in imports and exports. The article shows that the Asian hub port-city consolidation model has ignored the differences between port cities in the region. Three models of global hub port-city are proposed to describe the different cases of Hong Kong, Singapore and Shanghai. Shanghai fits the model of a city-serving global hub port-city, which is different from Hong Kong and Singapore. This reflects the particular stage of hub port-city development of Shanghai and its particular economic relationship with the hinterland.

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Huang, Yefang