Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Nociones de masculinidad en 'La historia de María Griselda' de María Luisa Bombal

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2008), 85, (1), 63–78.

Abstract

En este artículo se analizan los personajes masculinos del cuento 'La historia de María Griselda' de María Luisa Bombal (1910–80) con el fin de argumentar que la denuncia de la estructura patriarcal que en él se refleja no sólo tiene su origen en la visión de la feminidad sino también de la masculinidad. Los personajes masculinos analizados representan tres modelos diferentes de masculinidad en relación con la mujer: por un lado, el modelo patriarcal ortodoxo y, por otro lado, dos modelos heterodoxos. De estos tres modelos es el ortodoxo el que al final se impone a expensas de la felicidad de todos los personajes, tanto masculinos como femeninos, cuya vida desgraciada se representa como inmanente a la estructura patriarcal y forma parte fundamental de la visión crítica de la obra de la autora chilena. Con esta artículo, se pretende contribuir a una visión diferente del universo narrativo bombaliano que subraya la importancia de la representación de la problemática de la masculinidad patriarcal.

This article analyses the masculine characters of the short story 'La historia de María Griselda' by María Luisa Bombal (1910–80) with a view to arguing that the questioning of patriarchy in this work has its origin not only in the vision of femininity which it reflects but also in the vision of masculinity. The masculine characters analysed represent three different models of masculinity in relation to femininity: on the one hand, the orthodox patriarchal model and, on the other hand, two heterodox ones. It is the orthodox paradigm that eventually imposes itself at the expense of the happiness of all the characters, both masculine and feminine, which yields a portrayal of misery in patriarchy that forms an essential part of the critical vision of the work of the Chilean writer. This article aims at contributing to a different vision of Bombal's narrative universe, a vision that underlines the importance of the representation of the conflict of patriarchal masculinity.

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Pernías, Yolanda Melgar