Town Planning Review

Gated communities in Istanbul: the new walls of the city

Town Planning Review (2012), 83, (1), 87–109.

Abstract

Since the 1980s, gated communities have been the main driver of urban housing development and the real estate market in the Istanbul Metropolitan Area. While gated communities have shaped the urban macroform and urban sprawl, they have radically transformed the inner city. The aim of this paper is to investigate the patterns of gated communities in Istanbul. By evaluating 161 gated developments, the paper aims to develop a typology for them and to evaluate their impact on the urban macroform. The results offer useful lessons for other dynamic metropolitan cities.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AKGÜ, A. A. and BAYCAN, T. (2010), The new real estate actors: gated communities and their developers in Istanbul, Germany, Verlag Muller. The new real estate actors: gated communities and their developers in Istanbul Google Scholar

BALI, R. (2002), Modern Sitelerde Yaşam: 'Çilgin Kalabaliktan', Arkitera Forum, Istanbul. Modern Sitelerde Yaşam Çilgin Kalabaliktan Google Scholar

BARON, L. M. (1998), 'The Great Gate Debate', Builder, March, 92–100. The Great Gate Debate Builder 92 100 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BIBLE, D. S. and HSIEH, C. (2001), 'Gated communities and residential property values', The Appraisal Journal, 69, 140–45. Gated communities and residential property values The Appraisal Journal 69 140 45 Google Scholar

BLAKELY, E. J. and SNYDER, M. G. (1997a), 'Gating America, California', http://www.asu.edu/caed/proceedings97/blakely.htm Google Scholar

BLAKELY, E. J. and SNYDER, M. G. (1997b), Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States, Washington, DC, Brookings Institution. Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

CALDEIRA, T. (2000), City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in São Paulo, Berkely, CA, University of California Press. City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in São Paulo Google Scholar

COLLIERS RESCOE (2003), Gayrimenkul Piyasası 2003, Istanbul, Colliers Rescoe. Gayrimenkul Piyasası 2003 Google Scholar

COY, P. and PÜHLER, M. (2002), 'Gated Communities in Latin American Megacities: Case Studies in Brazil and Argentina', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, 355 –70. Gated Communities in Latin American Megacities: Case Studies in Brazil and Argentina Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29 355 70 Google Scholar

DAVIS, M. (1992a), City of Quartz: Excavating the Future of Los Angeles, New York, Vintage Books. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future of Los Angeles Google Scholar

DAVIS, M. (1992b), 'Fortress Los Angeles: The Militarization of Urban Space', in M. Sorkin (ed.), Variation on a Theme Park: The New American City and the End of Public Space, New York, Noonday Press. Variation on a Theme Park: The New American City and the End of Public Space Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

GLASZE, G. and ALKHAYYAL, A. (2002), 'Gated Housing Estates in the Arab World: Case Studies in Lebanon and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, 321–36. Gated Housing Estates in the Arab World: Case Studies in Lebanon and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29 321 36 Google Scholar

GOOBLAR, A. (2002), 'Outside the Walls: Urban Gated Communities and Their Regulation within the British Planning System', European Planning Studies, 10, 321–34. Outside the Walls: Urban Gated Communities and Their Regulation within the British Planning System European Planning Studies 10 321 34 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

GRANT, J. and MITTELSTEADT, L. (2004), 'Types of Gated Communities', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 31, 913–30. Types of Gated Communities Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 31 913 30 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

JÜRGENS, U. and GNAD, M. (2004), 'Gated Communities in South Africa: Experiences from Johannesburg', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, 337–54. Gated Communities in South Africa: Experiences from Johannesburg Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29 337 54 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

LANDMAN, K. and SCHÖNTEICH, M. (2002), 'Urban Fortresses: Gated Communities as a Reaction to Crime', African Security Review, 11, 71–85. Urban Fortresses: Gated Communities as a Reaction to Crime African Security Review 11 71 85 Google Scholar

LOW, S. M. (2003), Behind the Gates: Life, Security, and the Pursuit of Happiness in Fortress America, New York, Routledge. Behind the Gates: Life, Security, and the Pursuit of Happiness in Fortress America Google Scholar

LUYMES, D. (1997), 'The Fortification of Suburbia: Investigating the Rise of Enclave Communities', Landscape and Urban Planning, 39, 187–203. The Fortification of Suburbia: Investigating the Rise of Enclave Communities Landscape and Urban Planning 39 187 203 Google Scholar

MCGOEY, C. E. (2003), Gated Community: Access Control Issues, Crime Doctor, http://www.crimedoctor.com/gated.htm Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

PÉROUSE, J. F. (2001), 'Les Cites Sécurisées des Territoires périphériques de l'Arrondissement d'Eyup (Istanbul) ou les Mirages de la Distinction', L'Information Géographique, 68, 139–54. Les Cites Sécurisées des Territoires périphériques de l'Arrondissement d'Eyup (Istanbul) ou les Mirages de la Distinction L'Information Géographique 68 139 54 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

TOWNSHEND, I. J. (2002), 'Age-segregated and Gated Retirement Communities in the Third Age: The Differential Contributions of Place-Community To Self-actualisation', Environment And Planning B, 29, 371–96. Age-segregated and Gated Retirement Communities in the Third Age: The Differential Contributions of Place-Community To Self-actualisation Environment And Planning B 29 371 96 Google Scholar

WEBSTER, C., GLASZE, G. and FRANTZ, K. (2002), 'The Global Spread of Gated Communities', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, 315–20. The Global Spread of Gated Communities Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29 315 20 Google Scholar

WEBSTER, C. (2002), 'Property Rights and the Public Realm: Gates, Green Belts, and Gemeinschaft', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, 397–412. Property Rights and the Public Realm: Gates, Green Belts, and Gemeinschaft Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29 397 412 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Akgün, Aliye Ahu

Baycan, Tüzin