Town Planning Review

On the planned environment and neighbourhood life: Evidence from mixed-tenure housing developments twenty years on

Town Planning Review (2007), 78, (3), 311–334.

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which the planned environment can help create and sustain socially mixed communities. It reports on research into three planned mixed tenure neighbourhoods twenty years following their development. It focuses on the lives of renters and owner-occupiers, their use of the local area and their social interactions. Although owner-occupiers and to a lesser extent renters are shown to lead 'mobile lifestyles', which involves spending a considerable amount of time away from the case study neighbourhoods, the quality of the planned environment and local facilities were nonetheless found to be an important feature of residents' lives. The use of local facilities within a well-planned local environment is shown to facilitate social interaction between owners and renters, which was a source of widespread satisfaction across tenures.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AHLBRANDT, R. S., JR. (1984), Neighbourhoods, People, and Community, New York, Plenum Press Neighbourhoods, People, and Community Google Scholar

ALDOUS, T. (1995), Economics of Urban Villages, London, Urban Villages Forum Economics of Urban Villages Google Scholar

ALLEN, C., CAMINA, M., CASEY, R., COWARD, S. AND WOOD, M. (2005), Mixed Tenure, Twenty Years On: Nothing out of the Ordinary, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Mixed Tenure, Twenty Years On: Nothing out of the Ordinary Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. and KINTREA, K. (1998), Reconnecting Excluded Communities: The Neighbourhood Impacts of Owner Occupation, Edinburgh, Scottish Homes Reconnecting Excluded Communities: The Neighbourhood Impacts of Owner Occupation Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. and KINTREA, K. (2000), 'Owner occupation, social mix and neighbourhood impacts', Policy and Politics, 28, 93–108 Owner occupation, social mix and neighbourhood impacts Policy and Politics 28 93 108 Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. and KINTREA, K. (2001), 'Disentangling area effects: evidence from deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods', Urban Studies, 38, 2277–98 Disentangling area effects: evidence from deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods Urban Studies 38 2277 98 Google Scholar

BAUMGARTNER, M. P. (1998), The Moral Order of a Suburb, Oxford, Oxford University Press. The Moral Order of a Suburb Google Scholar

BIDDULPH, M. (2002), 'Villages don't make a city', Journal of Urban Design, 5, 65–82. Villages don't make a city Journal of Urban Design 5 65 82 Google Scholar

CABE (COMMISSION FOR ARCHITECTURER AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT) 2005), What Home Buyers Want: Attitudes and Decision Making among Consumers, London, CABE. Google Scholar

CAMINA, M. (2004), Understanding and Engaging Deprived Communities, London, Home Office, online report 07/04, London, Home Office, Research Development and Statistics Division www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs04/rdsolr0704.pdf Google Scholar

COLE, I. and GOODCHILD, B. (2001), 'Social mix and the balanced community in British housing policy – a tale of two epochs', Geojournal, 51, 351–60. Social mix and the balanced community in British housing policy – a tale of two epochs Geojournal 51 351 60 Google Scholar

DEITRICK, S. and ELLIS, C. (2004), 'New Urbanism in the inner city: a case study of Pittsburgh', Journal of the American Planning Association, 70, 426–42. New Urbanism in the inner city: a case study of Pittsburgh Journal of the American Planning Association 70 426 42 Google Scholar

DIXON, J. and DUPUIS, A. (2003), 'Urban intensification in Auckland, New Zealand: a challenge for New Urbanism', Housing Studies, 18, 353–68. Urban intensification in Auckland, New Zealand: a challenge for New Urbanism Housing Studies 18 353 68 Google Scholar

ELLIS, C. (2002), 'The New Urbanism: critiques and rebuttals', Journal of Urban Design, 7, 261– 91 The New Urbanism: critiques and rebuttals Journal of Urban Design 7 261 91 Google Scholar

EVERSLEY, D. (1973), The Planner in Society: The Changing Role of a Profession, London, Faber and Faber. The Planner in Society: The Changing Role of a Profession Google Scholar

FOLEY, D. L. (1960), 'British town planning: one ideology or three?', British Journal of Sociology, 2, 211–31. British town planning: one ideology or three? British Journal of Sociology 2 211 31 Google Scholar

FOREST, R. and KEARNS, A. (2001), 'Social cohesion, social capital and the neighbourhood', Urban Studies, 38, 2125–43. Social cohesion, social capital and the neighbourhood Urban Studies 38 2125 43 Google Scholar

HALL, P. (1998), Cities of Tomorrow, Oxford, Basil Blackwell. Cities of Tomorrow Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

HOLLOWAY, S. and VALENTINE, G. (eds) (2000), Children's Geographies: Living, Playing, Learning, London, Routledge Children's Geographies: Living, Playing, Learning Google Scholar

JACOBS, J. (1961), The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Harmondsworth, Penguin. The Death and Life of Great American Cities Google Scholar

JAMES, A., JENKS C. and PROUT, A. (1998), Theorising Childhood, Cambridge, Polity Press. Theorising Childhood Google Scholar

KATZ, P. (1994), The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community, New York, McGraw Hill. The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community Google Scholar

KEARNS, A. and PARKINSON, M. (2001), 'The significance of neighbourhood', Urban Studies, 38, 2103–10 The significance of neighbourhood Urban Studies 38 2103 10 Google Scholar

KELBAUGH, D. (1997), Common Place: Toward Neighbourhood and Regional Design, Seattle, University OF WASHINGTON PRESS. Google Scholar

KLEINHANS, R. (2004), 'Social implications of housing diversification in urban renewal: a review of recent literature', Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 19, 367–90. Social implications of housing diversification in urban renewal: a review of recent literature Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 19 367 90 Google Scholar

KULASH, W. (2000), 'Neighbourhood, district, and corridor principle essay twelve', in Leccese and McCormick (eds), 83–88. Neighbourhood, district, and corridor principle essay twelve 83 88 Google Scholar

LECCESE, M. and MCCORMICK, K. (eds) (2000), Charter of the New Urbanism, New York, McGraw-Hill. Charter of the New Urbanism Google Scholar

MADANIPOUR, A. (1992), The Principles of Urban Design in the British New Towns, Newcastle upon Tyne, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. The Principles of Urban Design in the British New Towns Google Scholar

MANN, P. H. (1958), 'The socially balanced neighbourhood unit', Town Planning Review, 29, 91– 98. The socially balanced neighbourhood unit Town Planning Review 29 91 98 Google Scholar

MONK, S., CROOK, T., LISTER, D., ROWLEY, S., SHORT, C. and WHITEHEAD, C. (2005), 'Have planning agreements increased the supply of affordable housing?', JRF Findings, March, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Google Scholar

O'BRIEN, M., JONES, D., SLOAN, D. and RUSTIN, M. (2000), 'Children's independent spatial mobility in the urban public realm', Childhood, 7, 257–77. Children's independent spatial mobility in the urban public realm Childhood 7 257 77 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005a), Planning for Mixed Communities: a Consultation Paper on proposed Changes to Planning Policy Guidance Note 3: Housing, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005b), Sustainable Communities Plan: Homes for All (Cm 6424), London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005c), Mixed Communities Initiative – Factsheet Four, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

PDC (PETERBOROUGH DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION) (1970), Greater Peterborough Master Plan, Peterborough, Peterborough Development Corporation. Google Scholar

POPENOE, D. (1973), 'A brief social evaluation of British New Towns', Town and Country Planning, 41, 311–15. A brief social evaluation of British New Towns Town and Country Planning 41 311 15 Google Scholar

SARKISSIAN, W. (1976), 'The idea of social mix in town planning: an historical review', Urban Studies, 13, 231–46. The idea of social mix in town planning: an historical review Urban Studies 13 231 46 Google Scholar

SAVAGE, M., BARLOW, J., DICKENS, P. and FIELDING, T. (1992), Property, Bureaucracy and Culture: Middle Class Formation in Contemporary Britain, London, Routledge. Property, Bureaucracy and Culture: Middle Class Formation in Contemporary Britain Google Scholar

SKJAEVELAND, O. and GARLING, T. (1997), 'Effects of interactional space on neighbouring', Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, 181–98 Effects of interactional space on neighbouring Journal of Environmental Psychology 17 181 98 Google Scholar

TALEN, E. (1999), 'Sense of community and neighbourhood form: an assessment of the social doctrine of New Urbanism', Urban Studies, 36, 1361–79. Sense of community and neighbourhood form: an assessment of the social doctrine of New Urbanism Urban Studies 36 1361 79 Google Scholar

THOMPSON-FAWCETT, M. (1996), 'The urbanist revision of development', Urban Design International, 1, 301–22. The urbanist revision of development Urban Design International 1 301 22 Google Scholar

THORNS, D. C. (1976), The Quest for Community: Social Aspects of Residential Growth, London, George Allen & Unwin. The Quest for Community: Social Aspects of Residential Growth Google Scholar

TUNSTALL, R. (2003), '"Mixed tenure" policy in the UK: privatisation, pluralism or euphemism?', Housing, Theory and Society, 20, 153–59. "Mixed tenure" policy in the UK: privatisation, pluralism or euphemism? Housing, Theory and Society 20 153 59 Google Scholar

WOOD, M. (2003), 'A balancing act? Tenure diversification in Australia and the UK', Urban Policy and Research, 21, 45–56. A balancing act? Tenure diversification in Australia and the UK Urban Policy and Research 21 45 56 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Casey, Rionach

Coward, Sarah

Allen, Chris

Powell, Ryan