Town Planning Review

Institutional change and the challenge of policy coordination in the English regions

Town Planning Review (2007), 78, (5), 573–595.

Abstract

By contrast to major constitutional reforms elsewhere in the UK, in England's eight regions beyond London New Labour has favoured administrative decentralisation. This paper examines these institutional arrangements and assesses their capacity to develop a more integrated approach to territorial development. It confirms a growing awareness of the need to ensure greater coherence between policies to promote economic, social and environmental wellbeing. Nonetheless, a complex regional institutional architecture, inconsistent sector-based strategies, a lack of strategic leadership and blurred accountabilities hamper moves towards policy integration and the delivery of joint outcomes. Moreover, despite ongoing reforms, the absence of a clear regional agenda in a functionally designed Whitehall raises fundamental questions about the ability of sub-national bodies to work collectively to develop and implement a more coherent approach to regional policy.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AMIN, A. and THRIFT, N. (1994), 'Living in the global', in A. Amin and N. Thrift (eds), Globalisation, Institutions and Regional Development in Europe, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 39–74. 'Living in the global', in A. Am Globalisation, Institutions and Regional Development in Europe 39 74 Google Scholar

AYRES, S. and PEARCE, G. (2004), 'Devolution to the English regions: assessing its implications for transport', Town Planning Review, 75, 231–55. Devolution to the English regions: assessing its implications for transport Town Planning Review 75 231 55 Google Scholar

AYRES, S. and PEARCE, G. (2005), 'Building regional governance in England: the view from Whitehall', Policy and Politics, 33, 581–600. Building regional governance in England: the view from Whitehall Policy and Politics 33 581 600 Google Scholar

BATTY, S. (2006), 'Planning for sustainable development in Britain: a pragmatic approach', Town Planning Review, 77, 29–40. 'Planning for sustainable development in Britain: a pragmatic approach' Town Planning Review 77 29 40 Google Scholar

BESWICK, A., DENTON, A. and REVILL, M. (2006), The Regional Funding Allocation Process: Practical Lessons and Implications for the Future, Leeds, JMP Consulting. The Regional Funding Allocation Process: Practical Lessons and Implications for the Future Google Scholar

BOSCHMA, R. A. (2004), 'The competitiveness of regions from an evolutionary perspective', Regional Studies, 38, 1001–14. The competitiveness of regions from an evolutionary perspective Regional Studies 38 1001 14 Google Scholar

BRENNER, N. (2003), 'Metropolitan institutional reform and the rescaling of state space in contemporary Western Europe', European Urban and Regional Studies, 10, 297–324. Metropolitan institutional reform and the rescaling of state space in contemporary Western Europe European Urban and Regional Studies 10 297 324 Google Scholar

BROWN, G. (2005), The Hugo Young Memorial Lecture, 13 December, London, Her Majesty's Treasury. Accessed from http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/newsroom_and_speeches/ press/2005/Press_110_05.cfm Google Scholar

CABINET OFFICE (2000), Reaching Out: The Role of Central Government at the Regional and Local Level, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

CABINET OFFICE and DTLR (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT, LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE REGIONS) (2002), Your Region, Your Choice: Revitalising the English Regions, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

CAG CONSULTANTS and HULL UNIVERSITY (2003), Briefing on Selected Sustainable Development Tools, London, CAG Consultants. Google Scholar

CAG CONSULTANTS and OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY (2003), Research into Regional Sustainable Development Frameworks, London, CAG Consultants. Google Scholar

COUNSELL, D., HART, T., JONAS, A. and KETTLE, J. (2007), 'Fragmented regionalism? Delivering integrated regional strategies in Yorkshire and the Humber', Regional Studies, 41, 391–401. Fragmented regionalism? Delivering integrated regional strategies in Yorkshire and the Humber Regional Studies 41 391 401 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Strong and Prosperous Communities: The Local Government White Paper, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2005), The UK Government Sustainable Development Strategy, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

DOCHERTY, I.. GULLIVER, S. and DRAKE, P. (2004), 'Exploring the potential benefits of city collaboration', Regional Studies, 38, 445–56. Exploring the potential benefits of city collaboration Regional Studies 38 445 56 Google Scholar

DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY) (2005), Regional Development Agencies' Corporate Plans for 2005–08: Tasking Framework, London, DTI. Google Scholar

DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY), ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) AND DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2006), Securing the Regions' Futures: Strengthening Delivery of Sustainable Development in the English regions, London, DEFRA. Google Scholar

EDDINGTON, R. (2006), The Eddington Transport Study Main Report: Transport's Role in Sustaining the UK's Productivity and Competitiveness, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

ENGLAND'S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES (2006), Comprehensive Spending Review 07: RDA Impact Report for HM Government, London, RDA National Secretariat. Google Scholar

FINANCIAL SECRETARY TO THE TREASURY (2005), Treasury Minutes on the Fifty-first Report from the Committee of Public Accounts 2003–2004: Success in the Regions, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HAUGHTON, G. and COUNSELL, D. (2004), Regions, Spatial Strategies and Sustainable Development, London, Routledge. Regions, Spatial Strategies and Sustainable Development Google Scholar

HEALEY, J. (2006), Speech by the Financial Secretary to the Treasury at the Core Cities Summit, Bristol, 27 June, London, HMT. Google Scholar

HERRSCHEL, T. and NEWMAN, P. (2002), Governance of Europe's City Regions: Planning, Policy and Politics, London, Routledge. Governance of Europe's City Regions: Planning, Policy and Politics Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY) (2003), 2004 Spending Review: Regional Emphasis Documents, London, HMT. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY) and CABINET OFFICE (2004), Devolving Decision Making 1: Deliv-ering Better Public Services; Defining Targets and Performance Management, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY), DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS ENTERPISE AND REGULATORY REFORM AND DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT (2007), Sub-National Economic Development and Regeneration Review, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY) and DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY) (2001), Productivity in the UK: 3 The Regional Dimension, London, HMT. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY) and ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), The Government's Response to Kate Barker's Review of Housing Supply, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY) and ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2006), Review of Government Offices, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY), DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY), DFT (DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT) and ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), Regional Funding Allocations: Guidance on Preparing Advice, London, Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HMT (HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY), ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) and DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY) (2004), Devolving Decision Making: 2 – Meeting the Regional Economic Challenge: Increasing Regional and Local Flexibility, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HOOGHE, L. and MARKS, G. (2003), 'Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance', American Political Science Review, 97, 233–43. Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance American Political Science Review 97 233 43 Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER: HOUSING, PLANNING, LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE REGIONS COMMITTEE (2006a), Is There a Future for Regional Government? (Oral evidence, HC 977-i, Session 2005–06), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER: HOUSING, PLANNING, LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE REGIONS COMMITTEE (2006b), Is There a Future for Regional Government? (Volume II: Written evidence, HC 977-II, Session 2005–06), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS TREASURY COMMITTEE (2005), Regional Productivity (Oral and written evidence. HC 308-i-vi, Session 2003–04), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

IPPR (INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH) (2005), Does the North East Need a Progressive Social Strategy? Newcastle upon Tyne, IPPR North. Google Scholar

JONES, M., GOODWIN, M. and JONES, R. (2005), 'State modernization, devolution and economic governance: an introduction and guide to debate', Regional Studies, 39, 397–403. State modernization, devolution and economic governance: an introduction and guide to debate Regional Studies 39 397 403 Google Scholar

KAVANAGH, D. and RICHARDS, D. (2001), 'Departmentalism and joined-up government', Parliamentary Affairs, 54, 1–18. Departmentalism and joined-up government Parliamentary Affairs 54 1 18 Google Scholar

KEATING, M. (1998), The New Regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial Restructuring and Political Change, Aldershot, Edward Elgar. The New Regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial Restructuring and Political Change Google Scholar

KELLY, M., SELMAN, P. and GILG, A. (2004), 'Taking sustainability forward: relating practice to policy in a changing legislative environment', Town Planning Review, 75, 309–36. Taking sustainability forward: relating practice to policy in a changing legislative environment Town Planning Review 75 309 36 Google Scholar

LING, T. (2002), 'Delivering joined up government in the UK: dimensions, issues and problems', Public Administration, 80, 615–42. Delivering joined up government in the UK: dimensions, issues and problems Public Administration 80 615 42 Google Scholar

LODGE, G. and MITCHELL, J. (2006), 'Whitehall and the government of England', in R. Hazell (ed.), The English Question, London, Routledge, 96–118. 'Whitehall and the government of England' The English Question 96 118 Google Scholar

LYONS, M. (2004), Well Placed to Deliver? Shaping the Pattern of Government Service: Independent Review of Public Sector Relocation, London, The Stationery Office. Well Placed to Deliver? Shaping the Pattern of Government Service: Independent Review of Public Sector Relocation Google Scholar

MCLEAN, I. and MCMILLAN, A. (2003), 'The distribution of public expenditure across the UK regions', Fiscal Studies, 24, 45–71. The distribution of public expenditure across the UK regions Fiscal Studies 24 45 71 Google Scholar

MARSHALL, A., FINCH, D. and URWIN, C. (2006), City Leadership: Giving City-regions the Power to Grow, London, Institute of Public Policy Research. City Leadership: Giving City-regions the Power to Grow Google Scholar

MORGAN, K. (2006), 'Devolution and development: territorial justice and the north-south divide', Publius, 36, 189–206. Devolution and development: territorial justice and the north-south divide Publius 36 189 206 Google Scholar

NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE (2003), Success in the Regions (HC 1268 Session 2002–2003), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

NWRA (NORTH WEST REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2006), Annual Report 2006, Wigan, NWRA. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Planning Policy Statement 11: Regional Spatial Strategies, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005a), Evaluation of Local Strategic Partnerships (Interim Report), London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005b), Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development, ODPM, London. Google Scholar

PEARCE, G. and AYRES, S. (2006), 'New patterns of governance in the English regions: assessing their implications for spatial planning', Environment and Planning C, 24, 909–27. New patterns of governance in the English regions: assessing their implications for spatial planning Environment and Planning C 24 909 27 Google Scholar

PEARCE, G. and AYRES, S. (2007), 'Emerging patterns of governance in the English regions: the role of Regional Assemblies', Regional Studies, 41, 699–712. Emerging patterns of governance in the English regions: the role of Regional Assemblies Regional Studies 41 699 712 Google Scholar

PEARCE, G., MAWSON, J. and AYRES, S. (2008), 'Regional governance in England: a changing role for the Government's Regional Offices?', Public Administration, 86 (forthcoming). Google Scholar

PETERS, B. G. and PIERRE, J. (2001), 'Developments in intergovernmental relations: towards multi-level governance', Policy and Politics, 29, 131–35. Developments in intergovernmental relations: towards multi-level governance Policy and Politics 29 131 35 Google Scholar

POLLITT, C. (2003), 'Joined-up government: a survey', Political Studies Review, 1, 34–49. Joined-up government: a survey Political Studies Review 1 34 49 Google Scholar

RHODES, R. A. W. (2000), 'New Labour's civil service: summing-up joining-up', Political Quarterly, 71, 151–66. New Labour's civil service: summing-up joining-up Political Quarterly 71 151 66 Google Scholar

SANDFORD, M. (2005), Devolution is a Process not a Policy: The New Governance of the English Regions, Briefing No 18, Edinburgh, ESRC Devolution and Constitutional Change Programme. Devolution is a Process not a Policy: The New Governance of the English Regions, Briefing No 18 Google Scholar

SDC (SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION) (2001), A Review of Progress towards Sustainable Development in the UK: The Contribution Made by Regional and Devolved Government, the Private Sector and NGOs, London, SDC. Google Scholar

SDC (SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION) (2005), The Next Steps: An Independent Review of Sustainable Development in the English Regions, London, SDC. Google Scholar

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR JUSTICE and LORD CHANCELLOR (2007), The Governance of Britain, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2006), Delivering the South East Plan, Guildford, SEERA. Google Scholar

SKELCHER, C. (2003), 'Governing communities: parish-pump politics or strategic partnerships?', Local Government Studies, 29, 1–16 Governing communities: parish-pump politics or strategic partnerships? Local Government Studies 29 1 16 Google Scholar

SNAPE, S., AULAKH, S. and MAWSON, J. (2005), Integration of Regional Strategies: The Role of English Regional Assemblies (Report for the English Regions Network), Warwick University, Local Government Centre. Google Scholar

SQW (SEGAL QUINCE WICKSTEED) (2006), Desktop Analysis of Regional Funding Allocation Advice to Government (Report to the English Regions Network), Cambridge, SQW. Google Scholar

TCPA (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ASSOCIATION) (2006), Connecting England – A Framework for Regional Development (Final Report of the TCPA appointed Hetherington Commission on the Future Development Needs and Priorities of England), London, TCPA. Google Scholar

WMRA (WEST MIDLANDS REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2006), West Midlands Regional Concordat, Birmingham, WMRA. Google Scholar

WOOD, A. and VALLER, D. (2004), Governing Local and Regional Economies: Institutions, Politics and Economic Development, Aldershot, Ashgate. Governing Local and Regional Economies: Institutions, Politics and Economic Development Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Pearce, Graham

Ayres, Sarah