International Development Planning Review

Peru's Amazonian oil and gas industry: risks, interests and the politics of grievance surrounding the development of block 76, Madre de Dios

International Development Planning Review (2011), 33, (1), 1–26.

Abstract

This article contributes to academic literature on conflict risk surrounding the exploration and exploitation of natural resources in Less Developed Countries. The research presented here considers this issue in the context of the Peruvian government's policy to increase foreign and private investment in developing Amazonian oil and gas reserves. Specifically, this article aims to understand grievance-based conflict risk by documenting the positions and motivations of various organisations and local communities affected by exploration work conducted in block 76 overlapping the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve (ACR) in the region of Madre de Dios. An account is offered of how these positions have been steered and governed by a government-sanctioned management framework for the ACR, and by a limited and selected consultation process which lies at the heart of wider conflict over the large-scale development of Amazonian resources.

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Haselip, James

Romera, Beatriz Martínez