Bulletin of Contemporary Hispanic Studies

El poder de los sentidos en El señor Liberto y los pequeños placeres de Ana Serret (2017): representaciones de la subjetividad e identidad en las personas con alzhéimer

Bulletin of Contemporary Hispanic Studies (2020), 2, (1), 51–68.

Abstract

La enfermedad de Alzheimer ha sido generalmente representada en los medios audiovisuales de manera negativa a través de su medicalización, provocando de esta manera temor y la estigmatización de las personas que viven con la enfermedad. La dualidad cartesiana entre mente y cuerpo ha determinado esta percepción de estar abocado a la muerte en vida. Este ensayo explora a través del análisis del documental El señor Liberto y los pequeños placeres de Ana Serret (2017) un modo diferente de percibir y presentar la experiencia de la persona que vive con alzhéimer. Cuestiones como la comunicación corporal a través de los cinco sentidos, del gesto, de la pervivencia del hábito y de los placeres, así como la presentación de la experiencia del tiempo y el espacio a través de técnicas cinematográficas como cámara fija, secuencias largas, cortes secos, etc., proponen una nueva manera de mirar a la persona con alzhéimer y de reivindicar su identidad y subjetividad.

Audiovisual texts have generally represented Alzheimer’s disease in a negative way due to its medicalization and the importance that the Cartesian binary mind/body still has in our contemporary society. The prevalence of the mind over the body provokes fear about the memory loss linked to Alzheimer’s and results in the stigmatization of people living with the disease, who are depicted as the living dead. Through the analysis of the Spanish documentary film by Ana Serret, El señor Liberto y los pequeños placeres (2017), this essay explores a different way of depicting the life experience of the person with Alzheimer’s. It analyses issues such as bodily communication through the senses and gestures and the persistence of habits and pleasures, as well as how the experience of time and space is presented on screen. The analysis of cinematographic techniques – the use of a static camera, the preponderance of long sequences and direct cuts, etc. – sheds light on a new way of looking at the person with Alzheimer’s Disease that highlights his/her selfhood.

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Filmografía

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Cartas a María. 2015, dir. Maite García Ribot (Pages & Images, Mallerich Films). Google Scholar

El señor Liberto y los pequeños placeres. 2017, dir. Ana Serret (Madrid: Rojo Films). Google Scholar

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Author details

MEDINA, RAQUEL