Journal of Romance Studies

Motherhood and work in Italy

A socio-cultural perspective

Journal of Romance Studies (2015), 15, (3), 1–21.

Abstract

This Special Issue on Mothering and Work in Italy in the Twenty-first Century: Culture and Society* originated in the second workshop of the Motherhood in Post-1968 European Literature Network, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and organized by the Centre for the Study of Contemporary Women’s Writing (Institute of Modern Languages Research, University of London). The workshop, entitled ‘Mothering and Work: Employment Trends and Rights’ and held on 26 October 2012, explored, starting from literary texts, the interface of social, economic and political forces that have affected women’s access to the labour market and experience of motherhood in Europe. Regrettably, it has not been possible to keep the cross-cultural, European focus of the original workshop. This Special Issue deals solely with the Italian case. In narrowing down the scope of the Issue, we have nevertheless kept faith with the ideas that animated the Network: first of all, the belief that only by adopting an interdisciplinary approach can we truly advance our understanding of the situation of mothers in today’s societies, initiate change in current attitudes to motherhood, and work towards improving policies and provisions which will facilitate mothering; secondly, the vital role of literature, within this interdisciplinary approach, in the attainment of these goals. Literature can accomplish two things: first, it has the power to bring real-life situations to the attention of a wide public who would otherwise either have no experience of them or feel unmotivated to engage with them; secondly, in being able to delve deeply into these situations, it may afford insights and, on occasion, offer solutions which the institutions, politicians and policy makers are not able to envisage.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AA.VV. (2008) Lavoro e maternità. Il doppio sì: Esperienze e innovazioni (Milan: Libreria delle donne di Milano, Quaderni di Via Dogana). Lavoro e maternità. Il doppio sì: Esperienze e innovazioni Google Scholar

Accati, Luisa (1995) ‘Explicit meanings: Catholicism, matriarchy and the distinctive problem of Italian feminism’, Gender and History 7, 241‒59. Explicit meanings: Catholicism, matriarchy and the distinctive problem of Italian feminism Gender and History 7 241 59 Google Scholar

Accati, Luisa (1998) Il mostro e la bella. Padre e madre nell’educazione cattolica dei sentimenti (Milan: Raffaello Cortina). Il mostro e la bella. Padre e madre nell’educazione cattolica dei sentimenti Google Scholar

Addis, Elisabetta, Paloma de Villota, Florence Degavre and John Eriksen (2011) ‘Gender and Well-being: The Role of Institutions’, in Gender and Well-being: The Role of Institutions, eds Elisabetta Addis, Paloma de Villota, Florence Degavre and John Eriksen (Farnham, England and Burlington, U.S.A.: Ashgate), 1‒26. Gender and Well-being: The Role of Institutions Gender and Well-being: The Role of Institutions 1 26 Google Scholar

Alvaro, Corrado (1952) ‘Il mammismo’, in Il nostro tempo e la speranza. Saggi di vita contemporanea (Milan: Bompiani), 181‒90. Il mammismo Il nostro tempo e la speranza. Saggi di vita contemporanea 181 90 Google Scholar

Anon (2015) ‘Maternità e lavoro, in Italia la conciliazione resta difficile’, D la Repubblica, 18 December 2015: http://d.repubblica.it/native/attualita/2015/12/18/news/maternita_e_lavoro_in_italia_la_conciliazione_resta_difficile-2899988/?refresh_ce (accessed 24 February 2016). Google Scholar

Anxo, Dominique, Letizia Mencarini, Ariane Pailhé, Anne Solaz, Maria Letizia Tanturri and Lennart Flood (2011) ‘Gender differences in time use over the life course in France, Italy, Sweden, and the US’, Feminist Economics 17(3), 159‒95. Gender differences in time use over the life course in France, Italy, Sweden, and the US Feminist Economics 17 159 95 Google Scholar

Arpino, Bruno, Chiara D. Pronzato and Lara P. Tavares (2014) ‘The effect of grandparental support on mothers’ labour market participation: An instrumental variable approach’, European Journal of Population 30(4), 369–90, DOI: 10.1007/s10680-014-9319-8. The effect of grandparental support on mothers’ labour market participation: An instrumental variable approach European Journal of Population Google Scholar

Ballestrero, Maria Vittoria (1984) ‘Women at Work in Italy: Legislation‒Evolution and Prospects’, in Working Women: An International Survey, eds Marilyn Davidson and Cary L. Cooper (Chichester: John Wiley), 103‒22. Women at Work in Italy: Legislation‒Evolution and Prospects Working Women: An International Survey 103 22 Google Scholar

Bernhard, Ernst (1969) Mitobiografia (Milan: Adelphi). Mitobiografia Google Scholar

Bohlen, Celestine (1996) ‘The state of welfare in Italy; where every day is Mother’s Day’, New York Times, 12 May 1996: http://www.nytimes.com/1996/05/12/weekinreview/the-state-of-welfare-in-italy-where-every-day-is-mother-s-day.html (accessed 21 February 2016). Google Scholar

Boneschi, Marta (1998) Santa Pazienza. La storia delle donne italiane dal dopoguerra a oggi (Milan: Mondadori). Santa Pazienza. La storia delle donne italiane dal dopoguerra a oggi Google Scholar

Bravo, Anna (1997) ‘La Nuova Italia: Madri fra oppressione ed emancipazione’, in Storia della maternità, ed. Marina D’Amelia (Rome–Bari: Laterza), 138–83. La Nuova Italia: Madri fra oppressione ed emancipazione Storia della maternità 138 83 Google Scholar

Caldwell, Lesley (1991) Italian Family Matters. Women, Politics and Legal Reform (Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York: Palgrave). Italian Family Matters. Women, Politics and Legal Reform Google Scholar

Caldwell, Lesley (1995) ‘The Family in the Fifties: A Notion in Conflict with a Reality’, in Italy and the Cold War: Politics, Culture and Society 1948‒58, eds Christopher Duggan and Christopher Wagstaff (Oxford: Berg), 149‒58. The Family in the Fifties: A Notion in Conflict with a Reality Italy and the Cold War: Politics, Culture and Society 1948‒58 149 58 Google Scholar

Caldwell, Lesley (2006) ‘What Do Mothers Want? Takes on Motherhood in Bellissima, Il Grido, and Mamma Roma’, in Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study, ed. Penelope Morris (New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 225‒37. What Do Mothers Want? Takes on Motherhood in Bellissima, Il Grido, and Mamma Roma Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study 225 37 Google Scholar

Cavallaro, Daniela (2006) ‘Scene femminili: Educational Theater for Women’, in Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study, ed. Penelope Morris (New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 93‒107. Scene femminili: Educational Theater for Women Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study 93 107 Google Scholar

Chambers, Ross (1984) Story and Situation: Narrative Seduction and the Power of Fiction (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press). Story and Situation: Narrative Seduction and the Power of Fiction Google Scholar

Charles, Maria and Erin Cech (2010) ‘Beliefs about Maternal Employment’, in Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective, eds Judith Treas and Sonja Drobnič (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press), 147‒74. Beliefs about Maternal Employment Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective 147 74 Google Scholar

Chianese, Gloria (1980) Storia sociale della donna in Italia (1800‒1980) (Naples: Guida). Storia sociale della donna in Italia (1800‒1980) Google Scholar

Christopher, Karen (2010) ‘Extensive mothering: Employed mothers’ constructions of the good mother’, Gender and Society 26(1), 73‒96. Extensive mothering: Employed mothers’ constructions of the good mother Gender and Society 26 73 96 Google Scholar

Covito, Carmen (2009) ‘Tempo parziale’, in AA.VV., Lavoro da morire. Racconti di un’Italia sfruttata (Turin: Einaudi), 37‒43. Originally published in 2007 as Pamphlet no. 2, entitled Discriminazione, in the series Diritti senza rovesci. Sicurezza e tutela contro le discriminazioni per una cultura etica del lavoro (Milan, November 2007), 5‒13. Available online: http://www.carmencovito.com/e-book/Covito-Tempo_parziale-in-Diritti_senza_rovesci.pdf (accessed 8 May 2016). Google Scholar

D’Amelia, Marina (ed.) (1997) Storia della maternità (Rome‒Bari: Laterza). Storia della maternità Google Scholar

D’Amelia, Marina (2005) La mamma (Bologna: Il Mulino). La mamma Google Scholar

De Grazia, Victoria (1992) How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy 1922‒1945 (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press). How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy 1922‒1945 Google Scholar

Faircloth, Charlotte and Marjorie Murray (2015) ‘Parenting: Kinship, expertise, and anxiety’, Journal of Family Issues 36, 1115‒29. Parenting: Kinship, expertise, and anxiety Journal of Family Issues 36 1115 29 Google Scholar

Falcinelli, Daniela and Sveva Magaraggia (2013) ‘“Double Yes” for whom? Gender innovation in Italian families’, Journal of Contemporary European Studies 21(2), 290‒303. “Double Yes” for whom? Gender innovation in Italian families Journal of Contemporary European Studies 21 290 303 Google Scholar

Fischer, Donatella (2006) ‘Strong Women and Nontraditional Mothers: The Female Figures in Napoli Milionaria! and Filumena Marturano by Eduardo De Filippo’, in Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study, ed. Penelope Morris (New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 211‒23. Strong Women and Nontraditional Mothers: The Female Figures in Napoli Milionaria! and Filumena Marturano by Eduardo De Filippo Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study 211 23 Google Scholar

Fiume, Giovanna (ed.) (1995) Madri. Storia di un ruolo sociale (Venice: Marsilio). Madri. Storia di un ruolo sociale Google Scholar

Hays, Sharon (1996) The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press). The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood Google Scholar

Istat (2014) ‘L’offerta comunale di asili nido e altri servizi socio-educativi per la prima infanzia’. Rome: http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/129403 (accessed 20 March 2016). Google Scholar

Istat (2015) ‘Birth and fertility’. Rome: http://www.istat.it/en/archive/birth+and+fertility (accessed 21 February 2016). Google Scholar

Koch, Francesca (1997) ‘La madre di famiglia nell’esperienza sociale cattolica’, in Storia della maternità, ed. Marina D’Amelia (Rome–Bari: Laterza), 239‒72. La madre di famiglia nell’esperienza sociale cattolica Storia della maternità 239 72 Google Scholar

Levy, Carl (2006) ‘Intellectual Unemployment and Political Radicalism in Italy, 1968‒1982’, in Speaking Out and Silencing: Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s, eds Anna Cento Bull and Adalgisa Giorgio (London: MHRA and Maney Publishing), 132‒45. Intellectual Unemployment and Political Radicalism in Italy, 1968‒1982 Speaking Out and Silencing: Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s 132 45 Google Scholar

Maclean, Marie (1988) Narrative as Performance: The Baudelairean Experiment (London and New York: Routledge). Narrative as Performance: The Baudelairean Experiment Google Scholar

Miller, Pavla (2004) ‘Demography and gender regimes: The case of Italians and ethnic traditions’, Journal of Population Research 21(2), 199–222. Demography and gender regimes: The case of Italians and ethnic traditions Journal of Population Research 21 199 222 Google Scholar

Modena, Francesca and Fabio Sabatini (2012) ‘I would if I could: Precarious employment and childbearing intentions in Italy’, Review of Economics of the Household 10(1), 77‒97. I would if I could: Precarious employment and childbearing intentions in Italy Review of Economics of the Household 10 77 97 Google Scholar

Momigliano, Eucardio and Gabriele M. Casolari (eds) (1990) Tutte le Encicliche dei Sommi Pontefici. Raccolte e annotate (Milan: Dall’Oglio), 2 vols. Tutte le Encicliche dei Sommi Pontefici. Raccolte e annotate Google Scholar

Morris, Penelope (2006) ‘The Harem Exposed: Gabriella Parca’s Le italiane si confessano’, in Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study, ed. Penelope Morris (New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 109‒30. The Harem Exposed: Gabriella Parca’s Le italiane si confessano Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study 109 30 Google Scholar

Mulder, Clara H. and Francesco C. Billari (2014) ‘Homeownership regimes and low fertility’, Housing Studies 25(4), 527–41, DOI: 10.1080/02673031003711469. Homeownership regimes and low fertility Housing Studies Google Scholar

Pacelli, Lia, Silvia Pasqua and Claudia Villosio (2013) ‘Labor market penalties for mothers in Italy’, Journal of Labor Research 34(4), 408‒32. Labor market penalties for mothers in Italy Journal of Labor Research 34 408 32 Google Scholar

Parenti, Francesco (1990) ‘La duttilità transculturale della simbologia materna e le sue component immutabili’, in Le Grandi Madri, ed. Tilde Giani Gallino (Milan: Feltrinelli), 220‒29. La duttilità transculturale della simbologia materna e le sue component immutabili Le Grandi Madri 220 29 Google Scholar

Saraceno, Chiara (1997) ‘La pluralizzazione delle esperienze e delle figure materne’, in Storia della maternità, ed. Marina D’Amelia (Rome–Bari: Laterza), 318‒51. La pluralizzazione delle esperienze e delle figure materne Storia della maternità 318 51 Google Scholar

Saraceno, Chiara (2000) ‘Being young in Italy: The paradoxes of a familistic society’, European Journal of Social Quality 2(2), 120–32. Being young in Italy: The paradoxes of a familistic society European Journal of Social Quality 2 120 32 Google Scholar

Scattigno, Anna (1997) ‘La figura materna tra emancipazionismo e femminismo’, in Storia della maternità, ed. Marina D’Amelia (Rome–Bari: Laterza), 273‒317. La figura materna tra emancipazionismo e femminismo Storia della maternità 273 317 Google Scholar

Schievenin, Pamela (2014) Women politicians and the reform of the Italian welfare state, 1948‒1975. PhD diss., Queen Mary University of London. Google Scholar

Schievenin, Pamela (2016) ‘A law made by Italian mothers for Italian mothers? Women politicians and the 1950 law on maternity rights’, Modern Italy 21(1), 67‒81. A law made by Italian mothers for Italian mothers? Women politicians and the 1950 law on maternity rights Modern Italy 21 67 81 Google Scholar

Tobío, Constanza (2015) ‘Uneven paths: Women and welfare in Italy and Spain’, Journal of Gender Studies 1‒18, DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2015.1090304. Uneven paths: Women and welfare in Italy and Spain Journal of Gender Studies Google Scholar

Triolo, Nancy (1995) ‘Famiglia, aborto e ostetriche in Sicilia (1920–1940)’, in Madri. Soria di un ruolo sociale, ed. Giovanna Fiume (Venice: Marsilio), 247–66. Famiglia, aborto e ostetriche in Sicilia (1920–1940) Madri. Soria di un ruolo sociale 247 66 Google Scholar

Villa, Paola (2013) ‘Italia, il lavoro part time ai tempi della crisi’, inGenere, 1 October 2013: http://www.ingenere.it/articoli/italia-il-lavoro-part-time-ai-tempi-dellacrisi (accessed 21 February 2016). Google Scholar

West, Rebecca (2006) ‘“What” as Ideal and “Who” as Real: Portraits of Wives and Mothers in Italian Postwar Domestic Manuals, Fiction, and Film’, in Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study, ed. Penelope Morris (New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 21‒34. “What” as Ideal and “Who” as Real: Portraits of Wives and Mothers in Italian Postwar Domestic Manuals, Fiction, and Film Women in Italy, 1945 ‒1960: An Interdisciplinary Study 21 34 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Giorgio, Adalgisa