Music, Sound, and the Moving Image

The Whispering Voice: Materiality, aural qualities and the reconstruction of memories in the works of Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller

Music, Sound, and the Moving Image (2010), 4, (1), 39–54.

Abstract

This article explores the works of Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller with the intention of investigating how the staging of different aural qualities, and the human voice in particular, contributes to the process of reconstructing memories. It pays specific attention to the installation work The Paradise Institute, which deploys old movie styles, sonic montages and different voices in order to manipulate memory and time. Furthermore, there are emphases on the effects of binaural recording technique, the juxtapositions of sound and image, and the manipulation of the voice. Most critical are questions relating to the materiality of the whispering voice, its ability to communicate an intimate experience, and the ways it can interact with its surroundings. This article also discusses the nature of our participation in this work, the perceptual and experiential consequences of sounds that require mediation through binaural recording, and the ways that this technology may provide a richer mode of experience and may contribute to individual associations and reconstruction of memory.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Alten, Stanley (1999) Audio in Media, Syracuse: Wadsworth Publishing Company Audio in Media Google Scholar

Altman, Rick (1980) 'Moving lips: cinema as ventriloquism', in Yale French Studies, no. 60 Google Scholar

Altman, Rick (1992) 'Material heterogeneity of recorded sound', in Rick Altman (ed.) Sound Theory, Sound Practice, London: Routledge, 15–31 Material heterogeneity of recorded sound Sound Theory, Sound Practice 15 31 Google Scholar

Altman, Rick (1999) Film/genre, London: BFI Film/genre Google Scholar

Auslander, Philip (2008) Liveness: Performance in a Mediatised Culture, London and New York: Routledge Liveness: Performance in a Mediatised Culture Google Scholar

Auner, Joseph, (2000) 'Making old machines speak: images of technology in recent music', ECHO 2.2. Available at www.humnet.ucla.edu/echo Google Scholar

Bartlett, Bruce (1991) Stereo Microphone Techniques, Boston and London: Focal Press Stereo Microphone Techniques Google Scholar

Bartlett, Frederick (1932) Remembering: a study in experimental and social psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Remembering: a study in experimental and social psychology Google Scholar

Bergson, Henri (1991, orig. 1896) Matter and Memory, trans. Nancy Margaret Paul and W. Scott Palmer, New York: Zone Google Scholar

Christov-Bakargiev, Carolyn (2001) 'An intimate distance riddled with gaps: the art of Janet Cardiff', in Janet Cardiff: a survey of works including collaborations with George Bures Miller, New York: P.S.1 MOMA, 14–35 An intimate distance riddled with gaps: the art of Janet Cardiff Janet Cardiff: a survey of works including collaborations with George Bures Miller 14 35 Google Scholar

Christov-Bakargiev, Carolyn (2003) Janet Cardiff – George Bures Miller, exhibition catalogue, Astrup Fearnley Museum, Oslo Google Scholar

Chion, Michel (1999) The Voice in Cinema, trans. Claudia Gorbman, New York: Columbia University Press Google Scholar

Connor, Steve (2003) 'Ears have walls: on hearing art', a talk given in the series Bodily Knowledges: challenging ocularcentricity at Tate Modern, 21 February, published in FO A RM, 4 (2005), 48–57. Also available at http://www.stevenconnor.com/earshavewalls/ Google Scholar

Dijck, José van, (2007) Mediated memories in the digital age, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press Mediated memories in the digital age Google Scholar

Doane, Mary Ann (1985) 'The voice in the cinema: the articulation of body and space', in Elizabeth Weis and John Belton (eds.) Film Sound, New York: Columbia University Press The voice in the cinema: the articulation of body and space Film Sound Google Scholar

Eidsvik, Charles (2005) 'Background track in recent cinema', in Joseph D. Anderson and Barbara Fisher Anderson (eds.) Moving Image Theory, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press Background track in recent cinema Moving Image Theory Google Scholar

Fickers, Andreas, (2009) 'Tuning in nostalgic wavelengths: transistor memories set to music', in Sound souvenirs: audio technologies, memory and cultural practices, Karin Bijsterveld and José van Dijck (eds.), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 123–38 Tuning in nostalgic wavelengths: transistor memories set to music Sound souvenirs: audio technologies, memory and cultural practices 123 38 Google Scholar

Fisher, Jennifer (1999) 'Speeches of display: the museum audio guides of Sophie Calle, Andrea Fraser and Janet Cardiff ', Parachute Magazine 94, 25–31 Speeches of display: the museum audio guides of Sophie Calle, Andrea Fraser and Janet Cardiff Parachute Magazine 94 25 31 Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (1998) Performing Rites: evaluating popular music, Oxford: Oxford University Press Performing Rites: evaluating popular music Google Scholar

Gosetti-Ferencei, Jennifer Anna (2005) 'Trompe l'oeil and the mimetic tradition in aesthetics' in Anne-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.) Human Creation between Reality and Illusion, part of the series Analecta Husserliana: the yearbook of phenomenological research, vol. 87, Dordrecht: Springer, 79–93 Google Scholar

Hall, Edward T. (1969) The Hidden Dimension: man's use of space in public and private, London: The Bodley Head The Hidden Dimension: man's use of space in public and private Google Scholar

Ihde, Don (1990) Technology and the Lifeworld, The Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Technology, Bloomington: Indiana University Press The Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Technology Technology and the Lifeworld Google Scholar

Ihde, Don (2007, orig. 1976), Listening and Voice: phenomenologies of sound. New York: State University of New York Press Google Scholar

Iles, Chrissie, et al. (2003) 'Round Table: The Projected Image in Contemporary Art', October, no. 104 (Spring), Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 71–96 Google Scholar

Kozloff, Sarah (2000) Overhearing Film Dialogues, Berkeley: University of California Press Overhearing Film Dialogues Google Scholar

Lastra, James (1992) 'Reading, writing, and representing sound', in Rick Altman (ed.) Sound Theory, Sound Practice, London: Routledge, 65–86 Reading, writing, and representing sound Sound Theory, Sound Practice 65 86 Google Scholar

Lundeby, Anne-Karin (2002) Elsker man livet, 'Går man på kino' – en studie av kinopublikumet i Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Master's thesis, University of Oslo Google Scholar

Maasø, Arnt, (2002) 'Se-hva-som-skjer!': en studie av lyd som kommunikativt virkemiddel i TV, doctoral thesis, University of Oslo Google Scholar

Schaub, Mirjam (2005) Janet Cardiff: the walk book, Cologne: Verlag Der Buchhandlung Walther Konig Janet Cardiff: the walk book Google Scholar

Silverman, Kaja (1988) The Acoustic Mirror: The Female Voice in Psychoanalysis and Cinema, Indiana University Press The Acoustic Mirror: The Female Voice in Psychoanalysis and Cinema Google Scholar

Sterne, Jonathan (2003) The Audible Past: cultural origins of sound reproduction, Duke University Press The Audible Past: cultural origins of sound reproduction Google Scholar

Sterne, Jonathan (2006) 'The Death and Life of Digital Audio', Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 2006, Vol. 31, No. 4, 338–48 Google Scholar

Trummer, Thomas (ed.) (2007) Voice and Void, Vienna: RemaPrint Voice and Void Google Scholar

Turim, Maureen (1989) Flashbacks in Film: memory and history, New York: Routledge Flashbacks in Film: memory and history Google Scholar

Verbeek, Peter-Paul (2005) What Things Do: Philosophical reflections on technology, agency and design, trans. Robert P. Crease, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Hanssen, Tina Rigby