European Journal of Language Policy

Power, ideology and language policies in Scotland

European Journal of Language Policy (2020), 12, (2), 163–191.


This paper deals with the role of power and ideology in language policies in Scotland and focuses on how policies promote certain languages whilst disadvantaging others. It investigates pre- and post-devolutionary legislation on language use in Scotland and examines how the role of power in policymaking has changed since the devolution of powers in 1998. Using Tollefson’s Historical Structural Analysis (HSA), the paper analyses the historical and structural factors underpinning these changes. Moreover, the paper also uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to assess how the changes in sociopolitical context are reflected at the textual level.

Cet article traite du rôle du pouvoir et de l’idéologie dans les politiques linguistiques en Écosse, et se concentre sur la façon dont les politiques promeuvent certaines langues, tout en désavantageant d’autres. Il étudie la législation sur l’utilisation des langues en Écosse avant et après la dévolution, et examine comment le rôle du pouvoir dans l’élaboration des politiques a changé depuis la dévolution des pouvoirs en 1998. À l’aide de l’analyse structurelle historique (HSA) de Tollefson, le document analyse les facteurs historiques et structuraux qui sous-tendent ces changements. En outre, le document utilise l’analyse critique du discours (CDA) pour évaluer comment les changements dans le contexte sociopolitique se reflètent au niveau des textes.

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Author details

Sharma, Abhimanyu