This article edits anew, with modernized spelling and amending previous errata in fragments of difficult reading, the last poem in the Cançoner de l’Ateneu, an incomplete manuscript missing a few final pages. A printed edition of 1513 is also lost. We call the poem, anonymous and without title, Refranys rimats [Adages in verse]. Its employment of proverbs as a poetic game gives the work a Renaissance air, far from medieval didacticism.
The Refranys rimats show significant points of contact with other works of the same period (Tirant lo Blanc, Espill, Procés de les olives, Refranys en prosa catalana glossats, etc.). We conjecture that the poem was written in Valencia towards the middle of the 15th century. The study of the 69 proverbs and the two idioms it contains involves identifying each proverb and subsequently applying the diacronic and contrastive methodology to its sources and innovation.
The present study seeks to contribute to the history of Catalan proverb studies. It offers documentation of some proverbs that is a few centuries older than what has been known to date. It also identifies proverbs never before catalogued or known in other languages.