Australian Journal of French Studies

Baudelaire et le fouriérisme

Australian Journal of French Studies (2021), 58, (1), 49–62.

Abstract

Claude Pichois claims that Baudelaire’s debt towards Fourier is limited to the notion of universal analogy. There is, however, another aspect of Fourier’s thought, one that had a profound impact on Les Fleurs du mal: the denunciation of universal evil. In this respect, the poet draws on Fourierist vocabulary to express his own vision of the world. This article provides examples of lexical borrowings by the poet who, disillusioned by the failure of the dreams of the Fourierist school, uses the word sin to stigmatize “the reign of evil” under which, according to Fourier, his contemporaries were living.

Claude Pichois prétend que la dette de Baudelaire envers Fourier se borne à l’idée de l’analogie universelle. Il y a pourtant un autre aspect de la pensée de Fourier qui a eu un impact profond sur Les Fleurs du mal : la dénonciation du mal universel. À cet égard, le poète a recours au lexique fouriériste pour exprimer sa vision du monde. Cet article donne quelques exemples des emprunts du poète qui, désabusé devant l’échec des rêves de cette école de pensée, adoptera le mot péché pour stigmatiser « le règne du mal » sous lequel vivent, selon le socialiste, ses contemporains.

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Author details

HAMBLY, PETER