Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Gramática cognitiva y representación del mundo femenino en el discurso político español de finales del siglo XIX

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2021), 98, (6), 531–548.

Abstract

En este artículo se aplican los principios teóricos y metodológicos de la gramática cognitiva y del enfoque sociocognitivo al análisis cualitativo de los patrones gramaticales que emplea en sus discursos públicos de contenido político un destacado intelectual de la España de finales del siglo XIX, en cuya política el intelectual participa activamente tras ser elegido diputado liberal, primero; y diputado por la Conjunción Republicano-Socialista, después. El objetivo es demostrar que tales patrones gramaticales conforman una estrategia discursiva que refleja la perspectiva ideológica que adopta el autor para conceptualizar determinados eventos. Concretamente, aquellos en los que participa la mujer, a quien la red de creencias, normas y valores que organiza la vida pública del momento pretende mantener relegada a la esfera de lo privado, de la familia, de la religión.

In this article we apply, with a method of qualitative analysis, the theoretical and methodological principles of cognitive grammar and a socio-cognitive approach to the study of the grammatical patterns used by the eminent late nineteenth-century Spanish intellectual in political speeches. This intellectual became involved in the political life of Spain, first after being elected as a liberal member of parliament and later as a parliamentarian for the electoral coalition, the Republican-Socialist Conjunction. We aim to show that these grammatical patterns make up a discourse strategy that generates ideological socio-cognitive representations that reflect the perspective adopted by the author to conceptualize events in which women play a part. The belief system, social norms and values of the time promote an ideology, defended by the parlamentarian throughout his life, in which women are relegated to the spheres of private life, family and religión.

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DÍAZ-PERALTA, MARINA