Modern Believing

Panentheism and Process Theism

Modern Believing (2022), 63, (2), 120–126.

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between the concept of panentheism and process theism, a theological movement inspired by the philosophies of A. N. Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne. Following a brief account of process thought, process theism is defined in terms of two key claims: 1) God is essentially dynamic and interrelated with the world, rather than changeless and independent of the world; and 2) divine power is essentially persuasive rather than coercive. The article argues that process theism, so understood, is readily interpreted as panentheism. For process panentheism, God’s ‘primordial’ and ‘consequent’ natures trace a flow of God into each creature and each creature into God. The article concludes by suggesting ‘apophatic panentheism’ as one attractive approach to process theology.

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Details

Author details

Keller, Catherine E.

Roberts, Austin J.