Frères Ennemis

The French in American Literature, Americans in French Literature

William Cloonan

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ISBN: 9781786949356

Publication: September 25, 2018

Frères Ennemis focuses on Franco-American tensions as portrayed in works of literature from approximately the mid-nineteenth-century to the present. An Introduction is followed by nine chapters, each focused on a French or American literary text which shows the evolution/devolution of the relations between the two nations at a particular point in time. While the heart of the analysis consists of close textual readings, social, cultural and political contexts are introduced to provide a better understanding of the historical reality influencing the individual novels, a reality to which these novels are also responding. Chapters One through Five, covering a period from the mid-1870s to the end of the Cold War, discuss significant aspects of the often fraught relationship from the theoretical perspective of Roland Barthes’ theory of modern myth, described in his Mythologies. Barthes’ theory helps situate Franco-American tensions in a paradigmatic structure, while at the same time it is supple enough to allow for shifts and reversals within the paradigm. Subsequent chapters explore new French attitudes toward the powerful, potentially dominant influence of American culture on French life. In these sections I argue that recent French fiction displays more openness to the American experience than has existed in the past, and as such contrasts with the more static American approach to French culture.

William Cloonan is Richard Chapple Professor of Modern Languages (Emeritus) at Florida State University.

Introduction: A Clash of the Comparable
Chapter I: The Creation of the American in Paris: The American
Chapter II: Splendor and Misery of the American Scientist: L’Ève future
Chapter III: The American Woman and the Invention of Paris: The Custom of the Country
Chapter IV: The Expatriate Idyll: The Sun Also Rises
Chapter V: Blindness and Insight: the Cold War in Les mandarins
Chapter VI: Embracing American Culture: Cherokee
Chapter VII: An American Excursion into French Fiction: The Book of Illusions
Chapter VIII: Rerouting: Ça n’existe pas l’Amérique
Chapter IX: L’Américaine in Paris: Le Divorce
Conclusion: Stasis and Movement

"This book is a most original analysis of the ways in which both French and American writers have imagined, represented, resisted, and resembled their trans-Atlantic “sibling.” In a first-of-its-kind study, Cloonan assembles an original set of literary texts from the end of the Civil War to the present and provides a masterful close reading of a multitude of ever-shifting Franco-American tensions that always fascinate the reader."
Denis M. Provencher, University of Arizona

Format: Ebook

320 Pages

Copyright: © 2017

ISBN: 9781786949356

Publication: September 25, 2018

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