The Great War and German Memory

Society, Politics and Psychological Trauma, 1914–1945

Jason Crouthamel

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ISBN: 9780859898423

Publication: November 27, 2009

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The central focus of this book is the traumatized German war veteran. Using previously unexplored source material written by the psychologically scarred veterans themselves, this innovative work traces how some of the most vulnerable members of society, marginalized and persecuted as ‘enemies of the nation,’ attempted to regain authority over their own minds and reclaim the authentic memory of the Great War Under Weimar Germany and the Third Reich, the mentally disabled survivor of the trenches became a focus of debate between competing social and political groups, each attempting to construct their own versions of the national community and the memory of the war experience. Views on class, war, masculinity and social deviance were shaped and in some cases altered by the popularised debates that surrounded these traumatized members of society. Through the tortured words of these men and women, Jason Crouthamel reveals a hidden layer of protest against prevailing institutions and official memory, especially the Nazi celebration of war as the cornerstone of the ‘healthy’ male psyche. He also shows how these ‘social outsiders’ attempted to reform healthcare and reconstruct notions of ‘comradeship’, ‘manliness’ and the national community in ways that complicate the history of the veteran in this highly militarised society. By examining the psychological effects of war on ordinary Germans and the way these war victims have shaped perceptions of madness and mass violence, Crouthamel is able to illuminate potent and universal problems faced by societies coping with war and the politics of how we care for our veterans.

Jason Crouthamel is Assistant Professor of History at Grand Valley State University, Michigan. He has published several articles on war neurosis and psychological trauma in inter-war Germany and has presented papers on the subject at conferences including those of the American Historical Association, the German Studies Association and the German Historical Institute.

Contents Acknowledgements Introdcution 1 Healing the Nation's Nerves: Imperial Germany at War 2 The War Neurotics Return Home: Psychologically Disabled Veterans and Post-War Society, 1918-1920 3 Neurosis and the Welfare State: The Rise and Fall of the National Pension Law of 1920 4 'The Class Struggle Pyschosis': Working-Class Politics and Psychological Trauma 5 National Socialism and its Discontenst: War Neurosis and Memory under Hitler 6 Nazi Germany's Hidden Psychopaths: Case Studies of Mentally Disabled Veterans in the Third Reich Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index

The book is deeply researched and rich in content, detail and interpretation. It is also the most outstanding example of how the memory of the First World War was not only an aesthetic or political issue but also a high-stakes debate over welfare fought out in pension and doctors’ offices over the care of psychologically traumatized veterans.
  European History Quarterly 43 (1)

Crouthamel’s book is an insightful addition to the scholarship on Weimar and Nazi Germany.
  English Historical Review, Volume 127, No 528

Their story [...] richly deserves the nuanced and balanced reading that Crouthamel provides.
Thomas J. Saunders   German Studies Review 35/2

His multifaceted exploration of this theme (…) provides a new dimension to Weimar history. This is a superb study, focusing on the unexplored theme in Weimar/Nazi history which greatly amplifies and clarifies what we had known. The author’s delving into medical records bypassed by other historians, and his handling and articulating the significance of such materials makes this work immensely important in understanding both Weimar and Third Reich history.
  Journal of Social History

... Crouthamel's work is a welcome complement to the existing work on war-related psychological issues... Perhaps most central, Crouthamel gives the veterans a voice, albeit one filled with anger and anguish at being mistreated in war and misunderstood in peace.
  Journal of Modern History Vol 83, no. 3

Format: Hardback

Size: 239 x 163 mm

288 Pages

ISBN: 9780859898423

Publication: November 27, 2009

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