Turkey and Iran consider themselves modern Islamic states—though with radically different status in today’s social and political world. In Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam, Kamali explores the historical factors that have shaped such dissimilar Muslim states, including the continued influence of Europe and the United States. Kamali’s assertion that the “Muslim world” is far more multifaceted and pluralistic than generally portrayed is a message particularly relevant today. The attacks on the World Trade Centre in New Yorkand the Pentagon in Washington DC are covertly and, in manycases, even overtly considered as ‘the clash of civilizations’. Itis presented as a sign of a conflict between the modern,democratic, and secularised civilization of the “Western world”and the traditional, non-democratic, and religious “Islamicworld”. The post-September 11th changes have created anenvironment where human societies have been over-simplified, dividing the world into two “sides” along an axis of “us” and“them”. This challenging study reveals that there is no “Islamic world”, no single tradition of modernity, but multiple patternsof socio-political developments in different Muslim countrieswith both common features and differences.
Masoud Kamali is professor of sociology at Mitt Sweden University and at Center for Multiethnic Research, Uppsala University. He is currently leading a European project: “The European Dilemma: Institutional Patterns and Politics of ‘Racial’ Discrimination” in which eight European countries participate.
1. Multiples Modernities and Social Theory
2. Islam, Civil Society and Modernization
3. ‘The West’, Russia and the Modernization of Iran and Turkey
4. Constitutionalism and Revolutionary Movements
5. Authoritarian Modernization and the Emergence of the Modern Nation State
6. Political Tutelage and Democracy
7. Islam, the State and Civil Society
8. Islam and Democratic Development: Theoretical Challenges
239 x 163 mm
June 1, 2006
Studies in Social and Political Thought 10