Tropics of Haiti
Race and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865
Marlene L. Daut
Marlene L. Daut is Associate Professor of African Diaspora Studies at the Carter G. Woodson Institute for African American and African Studies and the Program in American Studies at the University of Virginia. She specializes in early and nineteenth-century American and Caribbean literary and cultural studies. Her work has been supported with grants from the Ford Foundation, the National Endowment in the Humanities, and the National Humanities Center (Research Triangle Park).
Introduction: The “Mulatto/a” Vengeance of ‘Haitian Exceptionalism’ Part One: Monstrous Hybridity and Enlightenment Literacy 1. Monstrous Hybridity in Colonial and Revolutionary Writing from Saint-Domingue 2. Baron de Vastey, Colonial Discourse, and the Global “Scientific” Sphere 3. Victor Hugo and the Rhetorical Possibilities of Monstrous Hybridity in 19th-century Revolutionary Fiction Part Two: Transgressing the Trope of the Tropical Temptress 4. Moreau de Saint-Méry’s Daughter and the Anti-Slavery Muse of La Mulâtre comme il y a beaucoup de blanches (1803) 5. 'Born to Command:’ Leonora Sansay and the Paradoxes of Female Benevolence as Resistance in Zelica; the Creole 6. 'Theresa' to the Rescue!: African American Women’s Resistance and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution Part Three: The Trope of the Tragic "Mulatto/a" and the Haitian Revolution 7. “Black” Son, “White” Father: The Tragic “mulatto/a” and the Haitian Revolution in Victor Séjour’s ‘Le Mulâtre’ 8. Between the Family and the Nation: Toussaint Louverture and the “Interracial” Family Romance of the Haitian Revolution 9. A ‘Quarrel Between Two Brothers:’ Eméric Bergeaud’s Ideal History of the Haitian Revolution Part Four: Requiem for the 'Colored Historian;' or the 'Mulatto Legend of History' 10. The Color of History: The Transatlantic Abolitionist Movement and the ‘never-to-be-forgiven course of the mulattoes’ 11. Victor Schoelcher, ‘L’Imagination Jaune,’ and the Francophone Genealogy of the ‘Mulatto Legend of History’ 12. ‘Let us be humane after the victory:’ Pierre Faubert’s New Humanism Coda: Today's Haitian Exceptionalism Bibliography Index
Tropics of Haiti shines a bright light on the way nineteenth-century thinking about “race” as biology-cum-ontology has crept into present-day understandings of “race.” Daut illuminates how “race” as metaphor and “race” as pseudoscientific category function in tandem to determine the writing of Haitian revolutionary history.
Kaiama L. Glover, New West Indian Guide
'A literary tour-de-force, Daut’s Tropics of Haiti offers an Atlantic counterpart to Edward Said’s Orientalism (1978). Peeling back the layers of the mulatto/a vengeance narrative, Daut reveals how authors from across the Atlantic world contributed to the creation of racialized tropes about Haiti and its founding event.'
Erin Zavitz, Small Axe
'We must applaud researchers like Marlene Daut who offer substantive means with which to rethink and rewrite our stories of the Haitian past.'
Kaiama L. Glover, North West Indian Guide Review
'Conceived in what can be described as a comparative, transatlantic, and hemispheric framework, Tropics of Haiti is part of a crucial wave of literary criticism that seeks to not only refocus our attention on nineteenth-century Haitian studies but expand the U.S. American literary canon and contribute to the transnational turn in American Studies by exposing cultural links across the Atlantic and the Caribbean.'
Michael Dash, Postcolonial Text
'Tropics of Haiti is an incredibly well-organized and meticulously researched work, supported by the scholarship of authorities in literary criticism and history such as Chris Bongie,Doris Garraway, Wernor Sollors, and Pierre Boulle. Scholars of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century literature will find Tropics of Haiti a valuable addition to their libraries.'
Tomaz Cunningham, L'Esprit Créateur
'The body of literature that Daut covers is vast: memoirs, pamphlets, tracts, and early histories as well as conventional literary writings. Tropics of Haiti is a major intervention, offering the first exhaustive study of the transatlantic print culture of the Haitian Revolution.'
Anna Brickhouse, University of Virginia
'Groundbreaking and ambitious, expressively written and expertly researched, Tropics of Haiti creates a new canon of historical Haitian literary and cultural materials, and establishes the author as a scholar of outstanding import in studies of the African diaspora in Western modernity.'
Size: 234 × 156 mm
Publication: July 17, 2015
Series: Liverpool Studies in International Slavery 8