For Class and Country

The Patriotic Left and the First World War

David Swift

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ISBN: 9781786940025

Publication: February 20, 2017

Series: Studies in Labour History 9

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The First World War has often suffered from comparison to the Second, in terms of both public interest and the significance ascribed to it by scholars in the shaping of modern Britain. This is especially so for the relationship between the Left and these two wars. For the Left, the Second World War can be seen as a time of triumph: a united stand against fascism followed by a landslide election win and a radical, reforming Labour government. The First World War is more complex. Given the gratuitous cost in lives, the failure of a ‘fit country for heroes to live in’ to materialise, the deep recessions and unemployment of the inter-war years, and the botched peace settlements which served only to precipitate another war, the Left has tended to view the conflict as an unmitigated disaster and unpardonable waste. This has led to a tendency on the Left to see the later conflict as the ‘good’ war, fought against an obvious evil, and the earlier conflict as an imperialist blunder; the result of backroom scheming, secret pacts and a thirst for colonies. This book hopes to move away from a concentration on machinations at the elite levels of the labour movement, on events inside Parliament and intellectual developments; there is a focus on less well-visited material.

David Swift completed his PhD in 2014 and currently teaches history at Queen Mary, University of London.

List of Tables and Graphs
List of Illustrations


1 ‘If this is to be a jingo, then I am a jingo’ – Labour Patriotism before 1914
2 ‘I’d sooner blackleg my union than blackleg my country’ – Labour Patriotism, 1914–18
 August 1914
 The Workers’ National Committee and Labour Support for the War
 Who Were the Labour Patriots?
 Workers and Trade Unions
 Labour Heroes
3 ‘Middle-class peace men?’– Labour and the Anti-War Agitation
 Conscription, 1916–18
 Wartime Strikes, 1915–18
 The Anti-War Movement, 1915–18
 The Leeds and Stockholm Conferences
4 ‘Our Platform is Broad Enough and our Movement Big Enough’ – The War and Recruits to Labour
 The Conversion of Liberal and Conservative Elites
 Labour, Soldiers, and Ex-Servicemen
 The War and the Appeal to the New Electorate
5 ‘The experiments are not found wanting’ – Labour and the Wartime State
 The Wartime Growth of the British State
 Labour and the Workers during the War
 The Impact of the War on the Relationship between the British Left and the State
6 ‘The greatest democratic force British politics have known’ – Labour Cohesion and the War
 The Trade Unions and the Labour Party
 Labour and Women’s Organisations
 The Co-operative Movement and Labour
 Socialist Societies and the Labour Party
 The Rise and Decline of the Ultra-Patriots




“The first substantial text to concentrate on the importance of the patriotic dimension to the political beliefs of labour leaders, members of parliament, and a variety of ethical socialists and Marxists, thereby filling an important gap in the historiography of the British labour movement by exploring the relationship between socialists and patriotism during the Great War.”
Professor Keith Gildart, University of Wolverhampton  

Format: Hardback

Size: 239 × 163 mm

256 Pages

6 B&W photo/halftones

ISBN: 9781786940025

Publication: February 20, 2017

Series: Studies in Labour History 9

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