The Licensed City

Regulating drink in Liverpool, 1830-1920

David Beckingham

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ISBN: 9781781384183

Publication: June 6, 2017

In nineteenth-century Britain few cities could rival Liverpool for recorded drunkenness. Civic pride at Liverpool’s imperial influence was undercut by anxieties about social problems that could all be connected to alcohol, from sectarian unrest and prostitution in the city’s streets to child neglect and excess mortality in its slums. These dangers, heightened in Liverpool by the apparent connections between the drink trade and the city’s civic elite, marked urban living and made alcohol a pressing political issue. As a temperance movement emerged to tackle the dangers of drink, campaigners challenged policy makers to re-imagine the acceptable reach of government. While national leaders often failed to agree on what was practically and philosophically palatable, social reformers in Liverpool focused on the system that licensed the sale of drink in the city’s pubs and beerhouses. By reforming licensing, they would later boast, Liverpool had tackled its reputation as the drunkenness capital of England. The Licensed City reveals just how battles over booze have made the modern city. As such, it confronts whether licensing is equipped to regulate today’s problem drinking.

David Beckingham is 1596 Foundation Fellow and College Lecturer in Geography, Sidney Sussex College, University of Cambridge.

1  Liverpool: The making of a licensed city 

2  Liberty on licence 

3  Between teetotalism and free trade: The rise of temperance politics in Liverpool 

4  Mapping drink: The spatial logic of social reform 

5  Attacking the licensing system: The 'twin evils' of drunkenness and prostitution 

6  Women and the public house 

7  The reformed licensing system: Slum clearance and social reform 

8 ' Liverpool's temperance lesson to the nation'? The challenge of compensation 

9  The licensed city at war 

10  Conclusions: Liberalism's local logic

Although focused on one city the book provides a firm basis for understanding the improved public house movement and Gothenburg system of disinterested management. Both of which were to have national significance, with the former in particular being driven by the growth of the larger breweries, especially in the midlands...The depth of analysis sets a much appreciated higher bar for future work in the field. For anyone wishing to study the issues raised it is a most welcome addition to the literature.
Brewery History Society Journal


"A scholarly and well-argued book based upon a wealth of excellent research."

Professor John Greenaway, University of East Anglia  

Format: Ebook

256 Pages

ISBN: 9781781384183

Publication: June 6, 2017

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