Polin Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 28: Jewish Writing in Poland

Edited by Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska, Slawomir Jacek Zurek, Antony Polonsky, and Eugenia Prokop-Janiec

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ISBN: 9781906764463

Publication: December 10, 2015

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry 28

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Since the Enlightenment, the cultural creativity of Polish Jews has found expression not only in Hebrew and Yiddish, but increasingly in Polish. There has been mutual and dynamic interaction between the cultural systems, but, until the end of communism, the trilingual Jewish culture of Poland was little studied. In this volume, scholars from Poland, the United States, Israel, Italy, and Argentina investigate writers from across this spectrum and consider how they saw their Jewish (and sometimes Polish) identity, and what they thought of the authors in the other linguistic or cultural camps. Together, their essays constitute the first examination of Jewish literatures in Poland from the point of view of both linguistic and geographical diversity. The interwar years serve as the reference point, but material on the period before World War I and after 1945 is also included. The book comprises six sections. There is new research on Jewish literature in Polish, including discussions of less widely known works by Janusz Korczak and Julian Stryjkowski. Polish-Yiddish-Hebrew literary contacts are then reviewed, with important pieces on Y.L. Peretz's early work, the translation of Hayim Nahman Bialik's poetry into Polish, the influence of Polish writers on Sholem Asch's early plays, and the reception of Yosef Opatoshu's novels in interwar Poland. The next section explores the images of Poles and Poland in the work of Jewish writers and of Jews in the work of Polish authors, for instance in the work of the Hebrew Nobel laureate S.Y. Agnon and the Polish writer Stanislaw Vincenz. The subsequent section looks at avant-garde art and modern ideologies, with discussions of Bruno Schulz's graphic works and why communism appealed to some Jewish writers. Discussion then moves to questions of identity, with a special focus on Julian Tuwim, one of the greatest Polish poets, an assimilated Jew attacked by Polish nationalists on the one hand and Yiddishists on the other. The last group of essays in the collection looks at different 'exiles, ' understood both literally and metaphorically and encompassing works created in Poland, Israel, and Argentina. In spite of this wide range of themes, the coverage of the topic is not exhaustive: there are still very few studies of Polish-Hebrew literary contacts, and although more has been written about Yiddish writers in Poland there are still areas requiring a comparative perspective. This is a major study of topics which have rarely been discussed in English, especially Jewish literature written in Polish. The articles should appeal to all students of literature, and particularly to those interested in Polish, Yiddish, and Hebrew creativity understood as a rich cultural polysystem. CONTRIBUTORS Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska, Maria Antosik-Piela, Dorota Burda-Fischer, Nathan Cohen, Ofer Dynes, Karolina Famulska-Ciesielska, Ellen Kellman, Zuzanna Kołodziejska, Ber Kotlerman, Anna Kuligowska-Korzeniewska, Aviv Livnat, Piotr Matywiecki, Alina Molisak, Joanna Nalewejko-Kulikov, Władysław Panas, Ireneusz Piekarski, Eugenia Prokop-Janiec, Laura Quercioli Mincer, Gil Rabak, Shoshana Ronen, Maxim D. Shrayer, Dariusz Konrad Sikorksi, Perla Sneh, Monika Szabłowska-Zaremba, Bella Szwarcman-Czarnota, Karolina Szymaniak, Miriam Udel, Karen Underhill, Bożena Wojnowska, Marzena Zawanowska, Sławomir Jacek Żurek.

Antony Polonsky was born in Johannesburg, and studied history and political science at the University of the Witwatersrand. He went to Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship in 1961 and read modern history at Worcester College and St Antony's College. He taught at the London School of Economics and Political Science from 1970 to 1992. Since then he has been at Brandeis University, where in 1999 he was appointed Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies, an appointment held jointly at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Brandeis University. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Warsaw, the Institute for the Human Sciences, Vienna, and the University of Cape Town; Skirball visiting fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies; and Senior Associate Member of St Antony's College, Oxford.

Eugenia Prokop-Janiec is a professor in the Department of Literary Anthropology and Cultural Studies of the Faculty of Polish Studies of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. She specializes in the history of modern literature and literary criticism, literary ethnology, Polish Jewish literature, and Polish-Jewish cultural and literary contacts in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. She is the author of Polish-Jewish Literature in the Interwar Years (2003), the English version of Międzywojenna literatura polsko-żydowska jako zjawisko kulturowe i artystyczne (1992), and of Pogranicze polsko-żydowskie: Topografie i teksty (2013). She is the editor of the anthology Międzywojenna poezja polsko-żydowska (1996), the co-editor of Teatr żydowski w Krakowie: Studia i materiały (1995), and a contributor to scholarly journals and collective volumes in Poland, the United Kingdom, Germany, Romania, the United States, and Israel.

Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska is Professor of Comparative Literature at the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin. From 2000 to 2011 she was the head of the Centre for Jewish Studies. She is the author of Polska Isaaca Bashevisa Singera: Rozstanie i powrót (1994); Odcienie tożsamości: Literatura żydowska jako zjawisko wielojęzyczne (2004); and Kazimierz vel Kuzmir: Miasteczko różnych snów (2006). She is the co-editor, with Antony Polonsky, of Contemporary Jewish Writing in Poland: An Anthology (2001); and the co-editor of Tam był kiedyś mój dom…: Księgi pamięci gmin żydowskich (2009) and Jewish Presence in Absence: The Aftermath of the Holocaust in Poland, 1944 2010 (2014). In 2004 she received the Jan Karski and Pola Nireńska Award for research in the field of Yiddish.

Sławomir Jacek Żurek is a professor and head of the Centre for the Study of Polish Jewish Literature at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. He is the author of numerous academic articles and books, including ‘…lotny trud półistnienia’: O motywach judaistycznych w poezji Arnolda Słuckiego (1999); Synowie księżyca: Zapisy poetyckie Aleksandra Wata i Henryka Grynberga w świetle tradycji i teologii żydowskiej (2004); Z pogranicza: Szkice o literaturze polsko-żydowskiej (2008), translated into English as From the Borderland: Essays on Polish-Jewish Literature (2008); Zastygłe w polszczyźnie: Szkice o świętach w poezji polsko-żydowskiej dwudziestolecia międzywojennego (2011); and, with Karolina Famulska-Ciesielska, Literatura polska w Izraelu: Leksykon (2012). He is a member of the Polish Society for Jewish Studies, the Council of the Polish Episcopate’s Committee for Dialogue with Judaism, and the Polish Council of Christians and Jews, and has held a Fulbright Scholarship at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

Note on Place Names Note on Transliteration Introduction MONIKA ADAMCZYK-GARBOWSKA AND EUGENIA PROKOP-JANIEC PART I: REDISCOVERING POLISH JEWISH LITERATURE The Writing and the Wound: On Polish Jewish Literature WŁADYSŁAW PANAS Ethical Concepts in the Interwar Dispute in the Press on Jewish Culture DARIUSZ KONRAD SIKORSKI ‘Mr Nossig’s Latest Transformation’, or, Alfred Nossig as a Writer MARIA ANTOSIK-PIELA Janusz Korczak’s Midrash: Dzieci Biblii: Mojżesz BOŻENA WOJNOWSKA Czesława Rosenblattowa’s Works as an Example of Women’s Integrationist Literature ZUZANNA KOŁODZIEJSKA The Long Path to Becoming a Writer; Julian Stryjkowski as Translator and Reviewer IRENEUSZ PIEKARSKI PART 2: POLISH–YIDDISH–HEBREW LITERARY CONTACTS Polish Whiskers and the Jewish Tongue: On Y. L. Peretz Not Becoming a Polish Writer OFER DYNES Sholem Asch’s Polish-Language Theatrical Debut ANNA KULIGOWSKA-KORZENIEWSKA Yehoshua Ozjasz Thon on the Revival of Hebrew Literature: From Revolutionism to a Moderate Conservatism SHOSHANA RONEN Speaking Back: On Some Aspects of the Reception of Polish Literature in Yiddish Literary Criticism KAROLINA SZYMANIAK Reading Polish among Young Jewish People NATHAN COHEN Hayim Nahman Bialik and Shlomo Dykman: Polish–Jewish Literary Encounters in the Inter-War Period MARZENA ZAWANOWSKA Reading Opatoshu in the Years 1918–1939: The Polish Perspective EUGENIA PROKOP-JANIEC PART 3: MUTUAL PERCEPTIONS Between Germany and Russia: Images of Poles and the Ensuing Cultural Trajectories among Yiddish and Hebrew Writers between 1863 and the First World War GIL RIBAK Romanticization and Criticism in Agnon’s Poland Stories: Polish Jewry as an Archetype of a Jewish Community in the Exile BER KOTLERMAN A Hasid among the Goyim: Jewish Themes in Stanisław Vincenz’s Na wysokiej połoninie DOROTA BURDA-FISCHER PART 4: AT THE CROSSROADS OF AVANT-GARDE ART AND MODERN IDEOLOGIES Sefirot, Wanderings, and Superstructures: Futurism in the Polish Yiddish Arena AVIV LIVNAT When Narration is the Only Salvation: Yisroel Rabon’s Modernist Picaresque MIRIAM UDEL 'What Have You Done with the Book?': The Exegetical 'Encounter' in Bruno Schulz’s Graphic Works KAREN UNDERHILL Yiddish Form, Communist Content: Jewish Communist Writers in Warsaw in the 1930s JOANNA NALEWAJKO-KULIKOV The Neva Ever New: Depictions of the Soviet Union in the Work of Stanisław Wygodzki MONIKA SZABŁOWSKA-ZAREMBA PART 5: IN SEARCH OF IDENTITY Julian Tuwim’s Jewish Theatre PIOTR MATYWIECKI Jewish Jews on Tuwim BELLA SZWARCMAN-CZARNOTA The Descendant of Rashi in Lubyanka: The Metaphysical Identity Transformations of Aleksander Wat in Mój wiek LAURA QUERCIOLI MINCER ‘Judaizm jako los’: On the Essay by Bogdan Wojdowski ALINA MOLISAK PART 6: DIFFERENT EXILES Goles Varshe (Exile in Warsaw): The Kultur-Lige in Poland, 1921–1924 ELLEN KELLMAN From Tyszowce to Tel Aviv: The Journalism of Arnold Słucki in Israel’s Polish Press SŁAWOMIR JACEK ŻUREK Authors Writing in Polish in Israel KAROLINA FAMULSKA-CIESIELSKA Polin Down South: Among Mysteries and Silences. On Polish Jewish Literary Legacies in Argentina PERLA SNEH Pawel Antokolsky as a Witness to the Shoah in Ukraine and Poland MAXIM D. SHRAYER Notes on the Contributors Index

Format: Paperback

Size: 234 x 157 x 46 mm

596 Pages

12 figures and 3 B&W tables

ISBN: 9781906764463

Publication: December 10, 2015

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry 28

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