Polin Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13: Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath

Edited by Antony Polonsky

£24.95
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ISBN: 9781874774471

Publication: November 1, 2000

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry 13

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Few issues have divided Poles and Jews more deeply than the assessment of the Nazi genocide in Poland, in which 90 per cent of Polish Jewry perished. Many Jewish historians have claimed that the Polish government’s attempt to undermine the economic viability of the Jewish community after the death of Pilsudski in 1935 made Hitler’s task easier. On this view, the persistence of the economic crisis in the late 1930s, the example of Nazi Germany, and the attempt by some members of the Polish government to widen their power base by wooing young antisemitic zealots of the nationalist opposition all contributed to a growing mood of antisemitism; in consequence, most Poles were unwilling during the Nazi occupation to see Jews as fellow-citizens. Many Polish historians, in contrast, have denied the connection between the pre-war and wartime situations; they stress that the harshness of the Nazi occupation led to death for many Poles, and that hiding a Jew was a capital offence. The core of this volume deals with these still controversial issues, broadening the perspective to include several articles on Polish attitudes to the nearly 300,000 Jews who tried to resettle in Poland after the war and the ensuing pogroms. Other articles include a translation of the powerful but little-known testimony of Rudolf Reder, one of a handful of Belzec survivors; a discussion of Holocaust victims as martyrs, with special reference to religious Jews; and a description of the Auschwitz Museum today and its plans for the future. In addition, the volume looks more generally at anti-Jewish stereotyping in Poland in the twentieth century. It reports an important debate which took place in 1998 on the character and strength of antisemitic feeling there; contains an eye-witness account of the consequences of the 1906 pogrom in Siedlce; and covers a number of other topics, including Polish–Jewish literary interaction, an interview with the Polish Jewish historian Marian Malowist, and biographical studies of philosopher Abraham Joshua Heschel and of Ludwik Rajchman, the founder of UNICEF. There are also the regular Review Essay and Book Review sections.

Antony Polonsky was born in Johannesburg, and studied history and political science at the University of the Witwatersrand. He went to Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship in 1961 and read modern history at Worcester College and St Antony's College. He taught at the London School of Economics and Political Science from 1970 to 1992. Since then he has been at Brandeis University, where in 1999 he was appointed Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies, an appointment held jointly at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Brandeis University. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Warsaw, the Institute for the Human Sciences, Vienna, and the University of Cape Town; Skirball visiting fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies; and Senior Associate Member of St Antony's College, Oxford.

Note on Names of People and Place-Names Note on Transliteration List of Abbreviations Part 1 The Holocaust and its Aftermath Introduction ANTONY POLONSKY Anti-Jewish Violence in Poland, 1918-1939 and 1945-1947 JOANNA MICHLIC-COREN Jewish Reaction to the Soviet Arrival in the Kresy in September 1939 ANDRZEJ ZBIKOWSKI Reflections on Soviet Documents Relating to Polish Prisoners of War Taken in September 1939 SIMON SCHOCHET The Demography of Jews in Hiding in Warsaw, 1943-1945 GUNNAR S. PAULSSON Psychological Problems of Jews who Used Aryan Documents MARIA EINHORN-SUSULOWSKA My Two Mothers ELZBIETA FICOWSKA Early Swedish Information about the Nazis' Mass Murder of the Jews JOZEF LEWANDOWSKI Jewish Identities in the Holocaust: Martyrdom as a Representative Category JONATHAN WEBBER Three Essays on Jewish Education during the Nazi Occupation MARIAN MALOWIST Two Coffins on Smocza Street and Sliska Street JANUSZ KORCZAK Krzysztof Kamil Baczynski: A Poet Hero JOANNA ROSTROPOWICZ CLARK Paper Epitaphs on a Holocaust Memorial: Zofia Nalkowska's Medallions DIANA KUPREL Letter to Father JAN RYSZARD BYCHOWSKI Stereotypes of Polish-Jewish Relations after the War: The Special Commission of the Central Committee of Polish Jews JAN GROSS The Bund and the Jewish Fraction of the Polish Workers' Party in Poland after 1945 BOZENA SZAYNOK Whose Nation, Whose State? Working-Class Nationalism and Antisemitism in Poland, 1945-1947 PADRAIC KENNEY Poles and Jews in the Kielce Region and Radom, April 1945-February 1946 ADAM PENKALLA Polish Jews during and after the Kielce Pogrom: Reports from the Communist Archives JOANNA MICHLIC-COREN Belzec RUDOLF REDER, with a translator's note by M. M. RUBEL The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum: From Commemoration to Education TERESA SWIEBOCKA Part II A Debate about Antisemitism in Poland Today Black is Black STANISLAW MUSIAL A Rainbow in Black WALDEMAR CHROSTOWSKI The Sin of Antisemitism: A Response to Waldemar Chrostowski STANISLAW MUSIAL Difficult Remarks to Write STANISLAW KRAJEWSKI A Shadow over the Dialogue MONIKA ADAMCZYK-GARBOWSKA Part III An Interview Marian Malowist on History and Historians Part IV New Views The Day after the Pogrom: A Documentary Account JOZEF BEKKER Jewish Theatre in Poland before the Second World War: Its Audiences and its Critics MAYA PERETZ Forbidden Fruit: Illicit Love Affairs between Jews and Gentiles in the Novels of Julian Stryjkowski REGINA GROL Ludwik Rajchman: A Biographical Sketch of a Polish Jew MARTA ALEKSANDRA BALINSKA Abraham Joshua Heschel in Poland: Hasidism Enters Modernity EDWARD K. KAPLAN Part V Reviews REVIEW ESSAYS Recent Books on the Catholic Church in Poland JOHN T. PAWLIKOWSKI 'You shall not bear false witness': Stanislaw C. Napiorkowski (ed.), A blizniego swego ... Materialy z sympozjum 'Sw. Maksymilian Kolbe-Zydzi- masoni JERZY TOMASZEWSKI A Lithuanian Account of Life in the Camps: Balys Sruoga, Forest of the Gods: Memoirs NERIJUS UDRENAS Analyses of World Antisemitism Published between 1991 and 1997 ALINA CALA BOOK REVIEWS OBITUARY Correspondence Notes on contributors Glossary Index

'Polin is an exceptionally successful example of interdisciplinary studies. The Holocaust and its aftermath in Poland is treated from many different points of view and disciplines, which give a good picture both of the current state of research and of Polish-Jewish relations during and after the Holocaust. Quite simply, the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.' Lars M. Andersson, Historisk Tidskrift
 

Format: Paperback

Size: 234 x 156 x 25 mm

498 Pages

ISBN: 9781874774471

Publication: November 1, 2000

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry 13

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