Polin Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 9: Jews, Poles, Socialists: The Failure of an Ideal

Edited by Antony Polonsky, Israel Bartal, Gershon David Hundert, Magdalena Opalski, and Jerzy Tomaszewski

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ISBN: 9781904113812

Publication: March 6, 2008

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry

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‘The less antisemitism exists among Christians, the easier it will be to unite the social forces . . . and the sooner workers’ solidarity will emerge: solidarity of all who are exploited and wronged . . . Jew, Pole, Lithuanian.’ Józef Pilsudski, 1903 The Socialist ideals of brotherhood, equality, and justice have exercised a strong attraction for many Jews. On the Polish lands, Jews were drawn to Socialism when the liberal promise of integration into the emergent national entities of east and central Europe as Poles or Lithuanians or Russians of the Hebrew faith seemed to be failing. For those Jews seeking emancipation from discrimination and the constraints of a religious community, Socialism offered a tantalizing new route to integration in the wider society. Some Jews saw in Socialism a secularized version of the age-old Jewish messianic longing, while others were driven to the Socialist movement by poverty and the hope that it would supply their material needs. But in Poland as elsewhere in Europe, Socialism failed to transcend national divisions. The articles in this volume of Polin investigate the failure of this ideal and its consequences for Jews on the Polish lands, examining Socialist attitudes to the ‘Jewish question’, the issue of antisemitism, how the growth of Socialism affected relationships between Poles and Jews, and the character of Jewish Socialist groups in Poland. The result is a significant contribution to the history of Jews in Poland. It also sheds light on the history of Socialism in east-central Europe and the complexity of national problems there. Editors and contributors: Israel Bartal, Daniel Blatman, Alina Cala, Stephen D. Corrsin, David Engel, Sylvia Barack Fishman, Gershon Hundert, Ross Kessel, Shmuel Krakowski, Dov Levin, Pawel Machcewicz, Stanislaw Meducki, Erica Nadelhaft, Magdalena Opalska, Richard Pipes, Antony Polonsky, Dina Porat, Teresa Prekerowa, Michal Sliwa, Janusz Sujecki, Jerzy Tomaszewski, Barbara Wachowska.

Antony Polonsky was born in Johannesburg, and studied history and political science at the University of the Witwatersrand. He went to Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship in 1961 and read modern history at Worcester College and St Antony's College. He taught at the London School of Economics and Political Science from 1970 to 1992. Since then he has been at Brandeis University, where in 1999 he was appointed Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies, an appointment held jointly at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Brandeis University. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Warsaw, the Institute for the Human Sciences, Vienna, and the University of Cape Town; Skirball visiting fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies; and Senior Associate Member of St Antony's College, Oxford.

Gershon Hundert is Professor of History and holds the Montreal Jewish Community Chair in Jewish Studies at McGill University.

Israel Bartal is Professor of Modern Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Director of the Centre for Research on the History and Culture of Polish Jews

Jerzy Tomaszewski is Professor of History in the Institute of Political Science at the University of Warsaw, and Director of the Mordecai Anieliewicz Centre for the Study of the History and Culture of Polish Jews.

Magdalena Opalski is Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Central/East European and Russian Area Studies at Carleton University, Ottawa.

Note on Transliteration, Names, and Place Names Abbreviations Introduction ANTONY POLONSKY Part I Jews, Poles, Socialists: The Failure of an Ideal Jewish Socialists in the Kingdom of Poland ALINA CALA The Jewish Problem in Polish Socialist Thought MICHAL SLIWA The Relation of the Polish Socialist Party: Proletariat to the Bund and the Jewish Question, 1900–1906 JANUSZ SUJECKI The Jews, the Left, and the State Duma Elections in Warsaw in 1912: Selected Sources translated by STEPHEN D. CORRSIN Jews and the Russian Revolution: A Note RICHARD PIPES The Bund in Poland, 1935–1939 DANIEL BLATMAN Lodz Remained Red: Elections to the City Council of 27 September 1936 BARBARA WACHOWSKA The Jews of Vilna under Soviet Rule, 19 September–28 October 1939 DOV LEVIN The Polish Underground and the Extermination of the Jews SHMUEL KRAKOWSKI The Jewish Underground and the Polish Underground TERESA PREKEROWA The Pogrom in Kielce on 4 July 1946 STANISLAW MEDUCKI Antisemitism in Poland in 1956 PAWEL MACHCEWICZ Part II New Views Dov of Bolechów: A Diarist of the Council of Four Lands in the Eighteenth Century ISRAEL BARTAL A Peaceable Community at Work: The Chevrah of Nasielsk ROSS KESSEL Zionist Pioneering Youth Movements in Poland and their Attitude to Erets Israel during the Holocaust DINA PORAT Resistance through Education: Polish Zionist Youth Movements in Warsaw, 1939–1941 ERICA NADELHAFT The Second Competition of Scholarly Works on Polish–Jewish Themes ALINA CALA Part III Reviews REVIEW ESSAY History, Drama, and Healing: On the Television Play A i B, by Harvey Sarner DAVID ENGEL Inside, Outside: Interpreting Jewish Difference SYLVIA BARACK FISHMAN BOOK REVIEWS BIBLIOGRAPHY OF POLISH–JEWISH STUDIES, 1993 Notes on Contributors Notes on Translators Glossary Index

Format: Paperback

Size: 234 x 156 x 19 mm

368 Pages

1 figure

ISBN: 9781904113812

Publication: March 6, 2008

Series: Polin Studies in Polish Jewry

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