Henry Smeathman, the Flycatcher

Natural History, Slavery and Empire in the Late Eighteenth Century

Deirdre Coleman

£90.00
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ISBN: 9781786940537

Publication: May 31, 2018

Series: Romantic Reconfigurations: Studies in Literature and Culture 1780-1850 2

In 1771 Joseph Banks and other wealthy collectors sent a talented, self-taught naturalist to Sierra Leone to collect all things rare and curious, from moths to monkeys. Henry Smeathman’s expedition to the West African coast, which coincided with a steep rise in British slave trading in this area, lasted four years during which time he built a house on the Banana Islands, married into the coast’s ruling dynasties, and managed to negotiate the tricky life of a ‘stranger’ bound to his landlord and local customs. In this book, which draws on a rich and little-known archive of journals and letters, Coleman retraces Smeathman’s life as he shuttled between his home on the Bananas and two key Liverpool trading forts—Bunce Island and the Isles de Los. In the logistical challenges of tropical collecting and the dispatch of specimens across the middle passage we see the close connection between science and slavery. We also see the hardening of Smeathman’s pity for the slaves, a change of sentiment which was reversed by four years in the West Indies. The book concludes with the flycatcher’s celebrity in London as a termite specialist, eager to return to West Africa where his natural history knowledge had shaped his plan for a free, antislavery settlement in West Africa.

Deirdre Coleman is the Robert Wallace Chair of English at the University of Melbourne. She is the author of 'Romantic Colonization and British Anti-Slavery' (Cambridge University Press, 2005) and has recently published essays in the 'Oxford History of the Novel' (2015), the 'Cambridge Companion to Eighteenth-Century British Women Writers' (2015), and 'Archives of Natural History' (2017). Her research interests lie in literature, colonialism, slavery and natural history.

Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations
Introduction: Smeathmania  
Chapter 1: Metamorphosis
Chapter 2: Prospects
Chapter 3: Residence
Chapter 4: Housekeeping
Chapter 5: Currency
Chapter 6: Doldrums
Chapter 7: Antislavery
Chapter 8: Prodigal Returns
Conclusion: Legacies
Appendix:
  Proposals for printing by subscription, Voyages and travels in Africa and the West-Indies, from the year 1771, to the year 1779 inclusive [London, 1780].
  ‘Oeconomy of a Slave Ship’.
   ‘Mr Smeathman’s Useful hints for those who intend to visit or settle in Africa and other hot Climates’.
   ‘Some Account of the Termites, which are found in Africa and other hot climates. In a Letter from Mr. Henry Smeathman, of Clement’s Inn, to Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. P. R. S.’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London vol.71 (1781).
Bibliography
Index

“This is a well-researched and engaging interpretive biography of an important, yet relatively unknown late eighteenth-century traveling naturalist. […] Smeathman is an intriguing figure whose life story deserves to be told, especially as it is contextualized by Coleman, whose marvellous eye for detail matches that of her subject. Smeathman had always intended to write a history of his “voyages and travels,” but did not live long enough to do so. Through Coleman, this story is finally being told. This book makes a new and important contribution to our understanding of eighteenth-century subaltern natural history and the history of African slavery.”
Alan Bewell, Professor of English, University of Toronto
 

Format: Hardback

Size: 239 x 163 mm

368 Pages

35 colour illustrations

ISBN: 9781786940537

Publication: May 31, 2018

Series: Romantic Reconfigurations: Studies in Literature and Culture 1780-1850 2

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